cattus

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown; possibly a Wanderwort,[1] compare Proto-Uralic *käďwä (female (of a fur animal))[2], or perhaps borrowed from an Afroasiatic language[3], compare Arabic قِطّ(qiṭṭ, cat, tomcat), Classical Syriac ܩܛܘ(qaṭṭu, cat), Nubian kadī (cat). See English cat for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cattus m (genitive cattī); second declension[4][5][6]

  1. a cat
    • 1558, Martin Luther, Theologiae Martini Lutheri Trimembris Epitome, De Tertio Statu Hominis:
      Affirmant quod quanto sceleratior es, tanto citius Deus gratiam infundit: si autem adornes te, ut cattus bonis operibus, ut te Deus acceptet, nihil efficias.
      They assert that the more a miscreant you are, the sooner God showers grace upon you: if, however, you should adorn yourself, like a cat, with good works, so that God accepts you, you shall bring about nothing.
    • 1656, Guillaume Pepin, Conciones Mysticae et Morales in Septem Psalmos Poenitentiales, p. 38:
      [...] illa accepit bovem & cattum, et utrumque duxit ad forum. Cumque quiddam venisset qui bovem emere veller. Illa respondit. Nullus habebit bovem, nisi etiam emat & cattum. Cumque ille dixisset non velle emere cattum, abiit. Et statim venit alius & interrogat quanti pretii utrumque foret. Illa dixit se velle vendere cattum pro una marcha argentari, sed bovem pro denario, & sic convenerunt.
      [...] he took the ox and the cat, and led both to the market. Anytime someone came who wanted to buy the ox, he responded: None shall have an ox, unless besides he also buys a cat. Any time someone said he did not want to buy a cat, he left. And immediately another came and asked what price for each. He said he wanted to sell a cat for one silver mark, but an ox for a denarius, and so they came to an agreement.

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cattus cattī
Genitive cattī cattōrum
Dative cattō cattīs
Accusative cattum cattōs
Ablative cattō cattīs
Vocative catte cattī

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kluge, Friedrich (1989) , “Katze”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, →ISBN, page 362
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*kattōn-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 281-282
  3. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 141
  4. ^ cattus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  5. ^ cattus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  6. ^ cattus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016