Fertile Crescent

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The extent of the Fertile Crescent.


Coined by University of Chicago archaeologist James Henry Breasted.


Proper noun[edit]

the Fertile Crescent

  1. (historical) A crescent-shaped strip of fertile land stretching from present-day Iraq through eastern Turkey and down the Syrian and Israeli coasts.
    • 1914, James Harvey Robinson, James Henry Breasted, Charles Austin Beard, Outlines of European History: Earliest man, the Orient, Greece, and Rome:
      This great semicircle, for lack of a name, may be called the fertile crescent.