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From Ottoman Turkish آيرمق (ayırmak, to part; separate, choose, pick, select, distinguish), from Proto-Turkic *adɨ-r- (to separate).[1]

Cognate with Karakhanid [script needed] (aδır-, to separate), Old Turkic [script needed] (adır-, to separate), Azerbaijani ayırmaq (to separate), Bashkir айырыу (ayïrïw, to separate), Chuvash уйӑрма (ujărma, to separate), Khakas азырарға (azırarğa, to separate), Kyrgyz айыруу (ayıruu, to separate), Turkmen aýyrmak (to separate), Uzbek ayirmoq (to separate), Yakut атын (atın, other).


ayırmak (third-person singular simple present ayırır)

  1. (transitive) to part, separate, sever
  2. (transitive) to choose, pick, select
  3. (transitive) to set apart, divide, sunder
  4. (transitive) to detach
  5. (transitive) to distinguish
  6. (transitive) to sort, classify
  7. (transitive) to save, reserve, spare
  8. (transitive) to isolate
  9. (transitive) to discriminate
  10. (transitive) to except, exclude


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  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*adɨ-r-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill