abscedo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ab- ‎(from, away from) +‎ cēdō ‎(move, walk; withdraw; yield).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

abscēdō ‎(present infinitive abscēdere, perfect active abscessī, supine abscessum); third conjugation

  1. I go off or away, depart.
  2. I disappear, withdraw.
  3. I recede, retreat.
  4. (military) I withdraw (from combat, a siege); march off, depart, retire.
    • 27 BCE – 25 BCE, Titus Livius, Ab urbe condita libri 26.1
      Q. Fuluio Ap. Claudio, prioris anni consulibus, prorogatum imperium est atque exercitus quos habebant decreti, adiectumque ne a Capua quam obsidebant abscederent priusquam expugnassent.
      The military authority of Quintus Fulvius and Appius Claudius, consuls of the previous year, was extended and the armies which they had were decided upon, and it was added as a proviso that they should not withdraw from Capua, which they were besieging, until they conquered it.
  5. (figuratively) I leave off, desist.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of abscedo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abscēdō abscēdis abscēdit abscēdimus abscēditis abscēdunt
imperfect abscēdēbam abscēdēbās abscēdēbat abscēdēbāmus abscēdēbātis abscēdēbant
future abscēdam abscēdēs abscēdet abscēdēmus abscēdētis abscēdent
perfect abscessī abscessistī abscessit abscessimus abscessistis abscessērunt, abscessēre
pluperfect abscesseram abscesserās abscesserat abscesserāmus abscesserātis abscesserant
future perfect abscesserō abscesseris abscesserit abscesserimus abscesseritis abscesserint
passive present abscēdor abscēderis, abscēdere abscēditur abscēdimur abscēdiminī abscēduntur
imperfect abscēdēbar abscēdēbāris, abscēdēbāre abscēdēbātur abscēdēbāmur abscēdēbāminī abscēdēbantur
future abscēdar abscēdēris, abscēdēre abscēdētur abscēdēmur abscēdēminī abscēdentur
perfect abscessus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect abscessus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect abscessus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abscēdam abscēdās abscēdat abscēdāmus abscēdātis abscēdant
imperfect abscēderem abscēderēs abscēderet abscēderēmus abscēderētis abscēderent
perfect abscesserim abscesserīs abscesserit abscesserīmus abscesserītis abscesserint
pluperfect abscessissem abscessissēs abscessisset abscessissēmus abscessissētis abscessissent
passive present abscēdar abscēdāris, abscēdāre abscēdātur abscēdāmur abscēdāminī abscēdantur
imperfect abscēderer abscēderēris, abscēderēre abscēderētur abscēderēmur abscēderēminī abscēderentur
perfect abscessus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect abscessus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abscēde abscēdite
future abscēditō abscēditō abscēditōte abscēduntō
passive present abscēdere abscēdiminī
future abscēditor abscēditor abscēduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives abscēdere abscessisse abscessūrus esse abscēdī abscessus esse abscessum īrī
participles abscēdēns abscessūrus abscessus abscēdendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
abscēdere abscēdendī abscēdendō abscēdendum abscessum abscessū

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

abscedo

  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of absceder

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

abscedo

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of absceder.