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Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Indo-European *keh₂id-, *kh₂eyd- (to cut, hew).



caelō (present infinitive caelāre, perfect active caelāvī, supine caelātum); first conjugation

  1. I carve
  2. I engrave, emboss or chase
  3. I embroider


   Conjugation of caelō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present caelō caelās caelat caelāmus caelātis caelant
imperfect caelābam caelābās caelābat caelābāmus caelābātis caelābant
future caelābō caelābis caelābit caelābimus caelābitis caelābunt
perfect caelāvī caelāvistī caelāvit caelāvimus caelāvistis caelāvērunt, caelāvēre
pluperfect caelāveram caelāverās caelāverat caelāverāmus caelāverātis caelāverant
future perfect caelāverō caelāveris caelāverit caelāverimus caelāveritis caelāverint
passive present caelor caelāris, caelāre caelātur caelāmur caelāminī caelantur
imperfect caelābar caelābāris, caelābāre caelābātur caelābāmur caelābāminī caelābantur
future caelābor caelāberis, caelābere caelābitur caelābimur caelābiminī caelābuntur
perfect caelātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect caelātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect caelātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present caelem caelēs caelet caelēmus caelētis caelent
imperfect caelārem caelārēs caelāret caelārēmus caelārētis caelārent
perfect caelāverim caelāverīs caelāverit caelāverīmus caelāverītis caelāverint
pluperfect caelāvissem caelāvissēs caelāvisset caelāvissēmus caelāvissētis caelāvissent
passive present caeler caelēris, caelēre caelētur caelēmur caelēminī caelentur
imperfect caelārer caelārēris, caelārēre caelārētur caelārēmur caelārēminī caelārentur
perfect caelātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect caelātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present caelā caelāte
future caelātō caelātō caelātōte caelantō
passive present caelāre caelāminī
future caelātor caelātor caelantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives caelāre caelāvisse caelātūrum esse caelārī caelātum esse caelātum īrī
participles caelāns caelātūrus caelātus caelandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
caelandī caelandō caelandum caelandō caelātum caelātū

Derived terms[edit]



  1. dative singular of caelum
  2. ablative singular of caelum


  • caelo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • caelo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • caelo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to run its course in the sky: cursum conficere in caelo
    • (ambiguous) to be struck by lightning: de caelo tangi, percuti
    • (ambiguous) when it is growing dusk; towards evening: die, caelo vesperascente
    • (ambiguous) to observe the sky (i.e. the flight of birds, lightning, thunder, etc.: de caelo servare (Att. 4. 3. 3)