caelum

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See also: Caelum

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

caelum (sky)

From Proto-Italic *kailum (cognate of Oscan 𐌊𐌀𐌝𐌋𐌀 ‎(kaíla, kind of building)), from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂i-lom ‎(whole), from *keh₂i-.[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

caelum n ‎(genitive caelī); second declension

  1. (vault of) heaven
    • 405, Jerome and others, Vulgate, Genesis 28:12
      viditque in somnis scalam stantem super terram et cacumen illius tangens caelum
      And he saw in his dream a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven
  2. sky
    • Horace, Epistles I.xi.27 [1] (translation Eugene Ehrlich, Say It in Latin, ISBN 0709056257)
      Caelum non animum mutant qui trans mare currunt.
      Those who cross the sea change the sky not their spirits.
  3. atmosphere, climate, weather
Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative caelum caela
genitive caelī caelōrum
dative caelō caelīs
accusative caelum caela
ablative caelō caelīs
vocative caelum caela
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

PIE root
*kh₂eyd-

From Proto-Italic *kaid(s)lom, from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂eyd- ‎(cut, hew) (whence also caedō ‎(I cut)).[2]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

caelum n ‎(genitive caelī); second declension

  1. chisel
Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative caelum caela
genitive caelī caelōrum
dative caelō caelīs
accusative caelum caela
ablative caelō caelīs
vocative caelum caela
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “caelum” in Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, pages 80-81
  2. ^ “caedō, -ere” in Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, pages 79-80