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Alternative forms[edit]


It formally matches Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman, action, deed; karma), as if both were from Proto-Indo-European *kʷermon-, itself an abstract noun formed from Proto-Indo-European *kʷer- (to do, make). According to de Vaan, however, it's a derivation from the unattested adjective *caerus- +‎ -mōnia also found as the second part of the compound sincērus (whole, sound).

Romans folk-etymologized this word as if coming from the name of the city of Caere.



caerimōnia f (genitive caerimōniae); first declension

  1. religious ceremony, ritual
  2. sacredness, sanctity
  3. reverence, veneration, awe


First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative caerimōnia caerimōniae
genitive caerimōniae caerimōniārum
dative caerimōniae caerimōniīs
accusative caerimōniam caerimōniās
ablative caerimōniā caerimōniīs
vocative caerimōnia caerimōniae

Related terms[edit]



  • caerimonia in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • caerimonia in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “caerimonia”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • caerimonia in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to invoke an irrevocable curse on the profanation of sacred rites: violatas caerimonias inexpiabili religione sancire (Tusc. 1. 12. 27)
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 81