caerimonia

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

It formally matches Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman, action, deed; karma), as if both were from Proto-Indo-European *kʷermon-, itself an abstract noun formed from Proto-Indo-European *kʷer- (to do, make). According to de Vaan, however, it's a derivation from the unattested adjective *caerus- +‎ -mōnia also found as the second part of the compound sincērus (whole, sound).

Romans folk-etymologized this word as if coming from the name of the city of Caere.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

caerimōnia f (genitive caerimōniae); first declension

  1. religious ceremony, ritual
  2. sacredness, sanctity
  3. reverence, veneration, awe

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative caerimōnia caerimōniae
genitive caerimōniae caerimōniārum
dative caerimōniae caerimōniīs
accusative caerimōniam caerimōniās
ablative caerimōniā caerimōniīs
vocative caerimōnia caerimōniae

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • caerimonia in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • caerimonia in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “caerimonia”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • caerimonia” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to invoke an irrevocable curse on the profanation of sacred rites: violatas caerimonias inexpiabili religione sancire (Tusc. 1. 12. 27)
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 81