οὐρανός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

FlammarionWoodcut.jpg

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from an older *ϝορσανός (*worsanós), which may be related to οὑρέω (houréō, to urinate), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁worseye-, from *h₁wers- (rain) (compare Sanskrit वर्षति (varṣati, it rains).

A folk etymology advanced by Aristotle interpreted it as ὅρος (hóros, limit) and ἄνω (ánō, up).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /oː.ra.nós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /u.raˈnos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /u.raˈnos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /u.raˈnos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /u.raˈnos/
  • Noun[edit]

    οὐρᾰνός (ouranósm (genitive οὐρᾰνοῦ); second declension

    1. the vaulted sky, on which the stars were attached and the sun traveled: sky, heaven
    2. the region above this vault, the home of the gods
    3. (philosophy) the universe
    4. anything shaped like the sky: vaulted ceiling, tent

    Inflection[edit]

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