percello

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From per- (through, thoroughly) + Proto-Indo-European *kelh₂- (to beat, break). Cognate with Latin clādes, clāva, gladius.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

percellō (present infinitive percellere, perfect active perculī, supine perculsum); third conjugation

  1. I beat down
  2. I overturn or upset
  3. I strike or smite
  4. I overthrow

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of percellō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present percellō percellis percellit percellimus percellitis percellunt
imperfect percellēbam percellēbās percellēbat percellēbāmus percellēbātis percellēbant
future percellam percellēs percellet percellēmus percellētis percellent
perfect perculī perculistī perculit perculimus perculistis perculērunt, perculēre
pluperfect perculeram perculerās perculerat perculerāmus perculerātis perculerant
future perfect perculerō perculeris perculerit perculerimus perculeritis perculerint
passive present percellor percelleris, percellere percellitur percellimur percelliminī percelluntur
imperfect percellēbar percellēbāris, percellēbāre percellēbātur percellēbāmur percellēbāminī percellēbantur
future percellar percellēris, percellēre percellētur percellēmur percellēminī percellentur
perfect perculsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect perculsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect perculsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present percellam percellās percellat percellāmus percellātis percellant
imperfect percellerem percellerēs percelleret percellerēmus percellerētis percellerent
perfect perculerim perculerīs perculerit perculerīmus perculerītis perculerint
pluperfect perculissem perculissēs perculisset perculissēmus perculissētis perculissent
passive present percellar percellāris, percellāre percellātur percellāmur percellāminī percellantur
imperfect percellerer percellerēris, percellerēre percellerētur percellerēmur percellerēminī percellerentur
perfect perculsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect perculsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present percelle percellite
future percellitō percellitō percellitōte percelluntō
passive present percellere percelliminī
future percellitor percellitor percelluntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives percellere perculisse perculsūrum esse percellī perculsum esse perculsum īrī
participles percellēns perculsūrus perculsus percellendus, percellundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
percellendī percellendō percellendum percellendō perculsum perculsū

References[edit]

  • percello in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • percello in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • percello in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • their spirits are broken: animus frangitur, affligitur, percellitur, debilitatur
    • to attack, overthrow a tyranny: imperium oppugnare, percellere