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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to beat
  2. to break


  • *kl̥-né-h₂-ti ~ *kl̥-n-h₂-énti (athematic nasal infix present)
    • Italic: [Term?]
  • *kl̥h₂déti
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Lithuanian: kalti
      • Slavic: *kolti (see there for further descendants)


  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “kelh₂-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 350
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “-cellō, -ere 2”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 105
  3. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 205-206