государь

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic государь (gosudarĭ), a later form of господарь (gospodarĭ).[1] The reshaping of the latter has been explained by the influence of the root суд- (sud-, to judge)[2] or by a relaxed pronunciation[3].

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɡəsʊˈdarʲ]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

госуда́рь (gosudárʹm anim (genitive госуда́ря, nominative plural госуда́ри, genitive plural госуда́рей, feminine госуда́рыня, related adjective госуда́рев)

  1. sovereign
  2. Your Majesty
  3. sire
    ми́лостивый госуда́рьmílostivyj gosudárʹSir; Dear sir (in letters)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vasmer, Max, “государь”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language]‎[1] (in Russian), volume I, translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress, 1964, page 448
  2. ^ Černyx, P. Ja., “государь”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume I, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, 1999, page 210ab
  3. ^ Cyganenko, G. B., “государь”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), 2nd edition, Kiev: Radjansʹka škola, 1989, page 92