государь

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Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic государь (gosudarĭ), a later form of господарь (gospodarĭ).[1] The reshaping of the latter has been explained by the influence of the root суд- (sud-, to judge)[2] or by a relaxed pronunciation[3].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

госуда́рь (gosudárʹm anim (genitive госуда́ря, nominative plural госуда́ри, genitive plural госуда́рей, feminine госуда́рыня)

  1. sovereign
  2. Your Majesty
  3. sire
    ми́лостивый госуда́рьmílostivyj gosudárʹSir; Dear sir (in letters)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vasmer, Max (1964), “государь”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume I, translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress, page 448
  2. ^ Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “государь”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume I, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 210ab
  3. ^ Cyganenko, G. B. (1989), “государь”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), 2nd edition, Kiev: Radjansʹka škola, page 92