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See also: с-, с., с, and С



Perhaps related to Estonian -sse, Livonian -zõ ([illative suffix]), e.g., mōzõ.



  1. illative suffix
    • V. I. Ščankina (2011) Russko-mokšansko-erzjanskij slovarʹ [Russian-Moksha-Erzya Dictionary], Saransk, →ISBN
      пряда/пряс (доверху)
      prjada/prjas (doverxu)
      to the top (to the top [in Russian])

Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 1[edit]


(-s) (Mongolian spelling (s))

  1. forms plural

Etymology 2[edit]


(-s) (Mongolian spelling ᠰᠤᠨ (sun))

  1. forms nouns from nouns and verbs, sometimes with no apparent change of meaning.


Alternative forms[edit]


An abbreviated form of су́дарь (súdarʹ, sir), суда́рыня (sudárynja, ma'am).



English Wikipedia has an article on:
  1. (obsolete) sir (an honorific Russian suffix that was formerly used to emphasize the speaker’s politeness or servility before a person of higher social status).
    да-сda-syes, milord (or milady)
    так-сtak-syes, sir (or ma'am)
    слу́шаю-сslúšaju-sat your service, milord (or milady)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The suffix can be attached to various parts of speech, usually at the end of a sentence, usually only once.
  • The suffix was common in speech in the early and mid-19th century, but over the course of the late 19th century it went out of fashion, acquiring an undertone of servility, self-deprecation, and sometimes irony. By the 20th century, it was seen as an archaism, used either ironically or as a conscious marker of traditionalism in educated speech. In modern Russian, it's very rare, and is used for emphasis in a humorous, ironic, or sarcastic way.

Related terms[edit]