orca

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: orça

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Orca

Etymology[edit]

From Latin orca (tun, cask; whale), see there for more. Although the origin is obscure, the sometimes-cited association with orcus (underworld) is folk-etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

orca (plural orcas or orca)

  1. A sea mammal (Orcinus orca) related to dolphins and porpoises, commonly called the killer whale.
    Synonyms: grampus, killer whale

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin orca.

Noun[edit]

orca f (plural orques)

  1. orca

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin orca.

Noun[edit]

orca f (plural orcas)

  1. orca, killer whale
    Synonyms: candorca

Further reading[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A compound of orr +‎ száj (orrszáj), transformed to orca over the centuries.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈort͡sɒ]
  • Hyphenation: or‧ca

Noun[edit]

orca (plural orcák)

  1. (archaic) face
    Synonyms: arc
    • 1844, Sándor Petőfi, János vitéz,[1] chapter 4, stanza 5, lines 1–2:
      „Hej, Iluskám! hogyne volnék én halovány, / Mikor szép orcádat utószor látom tán...”
    • 1872, Mór Jókai, Az arany ember,[2] part 1, chapter 2:
      A kormányos ölnyi termetű kemény férfi volt, erősen rezes arcszínnel, a két orcáján a pirosság vékony hajszálerek szövevényében fejezte ki magát, miktől a szeme fehére is recés volt.

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative orca orcák
accusative orcát orcákat
dative orcának orcáknak
instrumental orcával orcákkal
causal-final orcáért orcákért
translative orcává orcákká
terminative orcáig orcákig
essive-formal orcaként orcákként
essive-modal
inessive orcában orcákban
superessive orcán orcákon
adessive orcánál orcáknál
illative orcába orcákba
sublative orcára orcákra
allative orcához orcákhoz
elative orcából orcákból
delative orcáról orcákról
ablative orcától orcáktól
Possessive forms of orca
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. orcám orcáim
2nd person sing. orcád orcáid
3rd person sing. orcája orcái
1st person plural orcánk orcáink
2nd person plural orcátok orcáitok
3rd person plural orcájuk orcáik

Derived terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish orca.

Noun[edit]

orca f (genitive singular orcan, nominative plural oircne)

  1. (anatomy, literary) calf (of leg)
    Synonyms: colpa, pluc

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
orca n-orca horca not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "orca" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • orca” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “orca” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “orca” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

orca f (plural orche)

  1. killer whale; orca
    Synonyms: balena assassina

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Either borrowed from Ancient Greek ὕρχη (húrkhē, earthen fish-salting vessel), or else both borrowed separately from a substrate Mediterranean language. The sense of whale is likely influenced by ὄρυξ (órux, pickaxe; oryx; narwhale).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

orca f (genitive orcae); first declension

  1. orc (kind of whale)
  2. butt, tun (large-bellied vessel)

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative orca orcae
genitive orcae orcārum
dative orcae orcīs
accusative orcam orcās
ablative orcā orcīs
vocative orca orcae

References[edit]

  • orca in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • orca in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “orca”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • orca” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • orca in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • orca in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

orca f (plural orcas)

  1. orca
    Synonyms: baleia-assassina

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin orca.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

orca f (plural orcas, masculine orco)

  1. orca, killer whale
    Synonyms: ballena asesina

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]