orka

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See also: órka and orką

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English orca, from Latin orca.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: or‧ka

Noun[edit]

orka

  1. a killer whale (Orcinus orca)

Anagrams[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin orca.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɔr.kaː/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: or‧ka

Noun[edit]

orka m (plural orka's, diminutive orkaatje n)

  1. killer whale, orca, Orcinus orca
    Synonyms: ork, zwaardwalvis

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

orka f (genitive singular orku)

  1. strength, power

Declension[edit]

Declension of orka (singular only)
f1s singular
indefinite definite
nominative orka orkan
accusative orku orkuna
dative orku orkuni
genitive orku orkunnar

Verb[edit]

orka (third person singular past indicative orkaði, third person plural past indicative orkaðu, supine orkað)

  1. to be able to
    Hann orkar betur at renna enn tú.[1]
    He can run better than you.

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of orka (group v-30)
infinitive orka
supine orkað
participle (a6)1 orkandi orkaður
present past
first singular orki orkaði
second singular orkar orkaði
third singular orkar orkaði
plural orka orkaðu
imperative
singular orka!
plural orkið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

References[edit]

  1. ^ W. B. Lockwood: An Introduction to Modern Faroese. Tórshavn: Føroya Skúlabókagrunnur, 3rd printing 1977 p. 152

Further reading[edit]

"orka" at Sprotin.fo

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse orka, from Proto-Germanic *wurkijaną. Doublet of yrkja.

Noun[edit]

orka f (genitive singular orku, no plural)

  1. strength, power
  2. energy
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

orka (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative orkaði, supine orkað)

  1. (transitive, with dative) to affect, to influence
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected form of orki (orc).

Noun[edit]

orka

  1. indefinite accusative singular of orki
  2. indefinite dative singular of orki
  3. indefinite genitive singular of orki
  4. indefinite accusative plural of orki
  5. indefinite genitive plural of orki

References[edit]

  1. ^ The verb orka in Icelandic Online Dictionary

Anagrams[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Similar to Swedish orka

Verb[edit]

orka (present tense orkar, past tense orka, past participle orka, passive infinitive orkast, present participle orkande, imperative orka/ork)

  1. to bother to, to have energy to
    Synonyms: gidda, palla

References[edit]

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
orka

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From orać +‎ -ka.

Noun[edit]

orka f

  1. (agriculture) ploughing; tilling
  2. (colloquial) hard or exhausting work
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin orca.

Noun[edit]

orka f

  1. killer whale (Orcinus orca)
    Synonyms: orka oceaniczna, miecznik
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Kashubian: órka

Further reading[edit]

  • orka in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • orka in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish orka, from Old Norse orka, from Proto-Germanic *wurkijaną (English work), from Proto-Indo-European *wṛǵ-·.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

orka (present orkar, preterite orkade, supine orkat, imperative orka)

  1. (auxiliary verb) to have strength, will, or stamina enough
    Han orkade inte springa hela vägen
    He didn't have enough stamina to run all the way (and had to stop running)
    Orkar han?
    Can he do it? ("Does he have enough strength/will/stamina (depending on context) to do it?")
    Hon sprang allt vad hon orkade
    She ran as fast as she could ("all she had enough strength/will/stamina to")
  2. (auxiliary verb, colloquial) to be bothered to
    Jag orkar inte bry mig om det idag
    I can't be bothered to care about that today
  3. to have room for (be able to eat)
    Orkar du en till pannkaka?
    Do you have room for another pancake? ("Do you have enough strength/will/stamina for another pancake?")
  4. (with med (with)) to have strength, will, or stamina enough to deal with
    Jag orkar inte med honom
    I can't deal with him
    Jag orkar inte med hans tjat
    I can't stand his nagging

Conjugation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

orka

  1. (colloquial) Expresses unwillingness to do something (taxing).
    – Ta ut soporna, är du snäll. – Orka!
    – Take out the trash, please. – I can't be arsed! / it's too much work!

Usage notes[edit]

In modern colloquial language, particularly among younger speakers, the verb is often used as a statement of unwillingness or animosity according to the formula orka + <action> similar to how "as if" is used in US English. Example: Orka städa hela huset, "as if I'd clean the whole house". It can also be reduced to just orka as a shorthand response to indicate disinclination to something.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]