yrkja

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Faroese[edit]

Verb[edit]

yrkja (third person singular past indicative yrkti, third person plural past indicative yrkt, supine yrkt)

  1. to write poetry, to compose

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of yrkja (group v-11)
infinitive yrkja
supine yrkt
participle (a5)1 yrkjandi yrktur
present past
first singular yrki yrkti
second singular yrkir yrkti
third singular yrkir yrkti
plural yrkja yrktu
imperative
singular yrk!
plural yrkið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

yrkja (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative yrkti, supine yrkt)

  1. (transitive, with accusative) to cultivate, to till
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

yrkja f (genitive singular yrkju, no plural)

  1. cultivation
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

yrkja

  1. (transitive, with accusative) to compose, to write (poetry or verse)
Synonyms[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

yrkja (present tense yrkjer, past tense yrkte, past participle yrkt, passive infinitive yrkjast, present participle yrkjande, imperative yrk)

  1. alternative form of yrke

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Norse ᚹᚢᚱᛏᛖ (wurte) (3rd sg. past ind.), from Proto-Germanic *wurkijaną (to work), from Proto-Indo-European *werǵ- (to work).

Verb[edit]

yrkja (present indicative yrkir, past indicative orti, supine ort)

  1. (transitive) to work
  2. to compose poetry
    • Snorri Sturluson, Ynglinga Saga, chapter 55
      Rögnvaldr hét son Ólafs konungs, er konungr var á Vestfold eptir föðr sinn. Hann var kallaðr heiðum hæri. Um hann orti Þjóðólfr hinn hvinverski Ynglinga tal, þar segir hann svá:
      The son of King Olaf was named Ragnvald, who was the King of Vestfold after his father. He was called high with honours. About him Thjódólf of Hvinir composed Ynglingatal, where he says this:

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Icelandic: yrkja (to compose)
  • Swedish: yrka (to urge, argue)
  • Middle English: irken (to tire, grow weary)
    • English: irk (to irritate)

References[edit]

  • yrkja in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press