geir

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See also: Geir and géir

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse geirr, from Proto-Germanic *gaizaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰays- (pointed stick, spear).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

geir m (genitive singular geirs, nominative plural geirar)

  1. spear

Declension[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish geir, from Proto-Celtic *gʷeress (whence Welsh gwêr), of uncertain origin; perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰer- (heat) or *ǵʰwer- (wild animal).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

geir f (genitive singular geire or gearach or geireadh, nominative plural geireacha)

  1. tallow, suet

Declension[edit]

As second-declension noun:

As fifth-declension velar stem:

As fifth-declension dental stem (the oldest form):

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
geir gheir ngeir
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ranko Matasović (2009), “*gʷered-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 146

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse geirr, from Proto-Germanic *gaizaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰoysós (throwing spear), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰey- (to drive, move, fling). Cognates include Irish ga.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

geir m (definite singular geiren, indefinite plural geirar, definite plural geirane)

  1. (archaic or historical) a spear
  2. (fishing) a leister, a kind of fishing spear
    Synonym: lyster
  3. (zoology) a small mackerel
    Synonym: pir

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frankish *jehhjan, from Proto-Germanic *jehaną (to say, to speak)

Verb[edit]

geïr

  1. to admit (to concede to be true)

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a third-group or second-group verb (ending in -ir, without or with an -iss- infix). This verb ends in a palatal stem, so there is an extra i before the e of some endings. This verb has a stressed present stem gei distinct from the unstressed stem ge. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: gehir

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Noun[edit]

geir m

  1. accusative singular indefinite of geirr

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

geir

  1. Soft mutation of ceir.

Verb[edit]

geir

  1. Soft mutation of ceir.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
ceir geir ngheir cheir
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.