baron

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See also: barón, bâron, and Baron

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Old French baron, Late Latin baro, barōnem (not to be confused with classical bāro, bārōnem "simpleton"). Used in early Germanic law in the sense of homo, especially "man, servant, follower, warrior" (also as barus). It is presumably of Frankish origin, from a Germanic word meaning "servant; man, warrior", possibly cognate with Old English beorn, perhaps originally *barô (carrier). A Celtic origin has also been suggested, due to the occurrence of a Latin barones meaning servos militum as early as the first century (Cornutus, On Persius' Fifth Satire). OED takes this hypothetical Celtic *bar- (hero) to be a figment.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

baron (plural barons)

  1. The male ruler of a barony.
  2. A male member of the lowest rank of British nobility.
  3. A particular cut of beef, made up of a double sirloin.
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby-Dick, chapter 34
      Such portentous appetites had Queequeg and Tashtego, that to fill out the vacancies made by the previous repast, often the pale Dough-Boy was fain to bring on a great baron of salt-junk, seemingly quarried out of the solid ox.
  4. A person of great power in society, especially in business and politics.
    A “robber baron” or “robber knight” is an historic term and title of disdain.
    • 2013 August 10, Lexington, “Keeping the mighty honest”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8848: 
      British journalists shun complete respectability, feeling a duty to be ready to savage the mighty, or rummage through their bins. Elsewhere in Europe, government contracts and subsidies ensure that press barons will only defy the mighty so far.
  5. (law, obsolete) A husband.
    baron and feme: husband and wife

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  • "baron n.", Oxford English Dictionary, Second edition, 1989; irst published in New English Dictionary, 1885.

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Readjustment from earlier baroen through French influence, from Middle Dutch baroen, from Old French baron, from Frankish *baro.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

baron m (plural baronnen, diminutive baronnetje n, feminine barones)

  1. baron

Esperanto[edit]

Noun[edit]

baron

  1. accusative singular of baro

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old French baron

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

baron m (plural barons)

  1. (dated) baron, lord, noble landowner

Anagrams[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

baron m (oblique plural barons, nominative singular ber, nominative plural baron)

  1. lord, baron (title of nobility)
  2. (by extension) husband

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bǎroːn/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ron

Noun[edit]

bàrōn m (Cyrillic spelling ба̀ро̄н)

  1. baron (title of nobility)