サ行変格活用

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぎょう
Grade: 2
へん
Grade: 4
かく
Grade: 5
かつ
Grade: 2
よう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

A compound of サ行 ‎(sagyō, s-line), 変格 ‎(henkaku, irregular), and 活用 ‎(katsuyō, conjugation).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [sa̠ɡ̃jo̞ː hẽ̞ŋka̠kɯᵝ ka̠t͡sɯᵝjo̞ː]

Noun[edit]

サ行変格活用 ‎(hiragana さぎょうへんかくかつよう, romaji sagyō henkaku katsuyō, historical hiragana さぎやうへんかくくわつよう)

  1. (grammar) s-irregular conjugation; a verbal conjugation class in which the verb stem ends in s- with the following irregular inflections: e/i/u/uru/ure/e[yo], with minor variation over time. Example:
Irrealis Adverbial Conclusive Attributive Realis Imperative
s- "to do" s-e sh-i s-u s-uru s-ure s-e[yo]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9