付く

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "付く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
付く [tsúꜜkù]
Imperative (命令形) 付け [tsúꜜkè]
Key constructions
Passive 付かれる かれ [tsùkáréꜜrù]
Causative 付かせる かせ [tsùkáséꜜrù]
Potential - - -
Volitional 付こう [tsùkóꜜò]
Negative 付かない ない [tsùkáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 付かなかった なかった [tsùkáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 付きます きま [tsùkímáꜜsù]
Perfective 付いた いた [tsúꜜìtà]
Conjunctive 付いて いて [tsúꜜìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 付けば けば [tsúꜜkèbà]

Verb[edit]

() (tsukuintransitive godan (stem () (tsuki), past ()いた (tsuita))

Japanese verb pair
active 付ける
mediopassive 付く
  1. attach itself to, stick, stick to, adhere, adhere to; be connected with
    ほっぺついてるよ。
    Hoppe ni tsuiteru yo.
    [There is food] stuck to your cheek.
  2. come in contact with, touch, reach
  3. be attached to, belong to, join, associate with; take up the cause of
  4. gain, gain weight, gain power, become proficient, grow, grow wise
  5. attend on, go with, accompany, be by someone's side
  6. be installed, be built
    (でん)()()いた
    denwa ga tsuita
    a telephone was installed
  7. be written, be registered
  8. be perceived, be detected
  9. catch fire, be ignited
    (ふく)()ついたら
    fuku ni hi ga tsuitara
    if [your] clothes catch fire
    (literally, “if fire is ignited on [your] clothes”)
  10. take, take root
  11. cost, amount to
  12. be settled, be established
  13. be in luck
    あなたは今日(きょう)(いち)(ばん)ついてるね。
    Anata wa kyō ichiban tsuiteru ne.
    You are the luckiest one today.
  14. (slang, euphemistic) of a penis: be attached to someone

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

() (-zuku

  1. gain
  2. become

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN