気付く

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
つ > づ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (ki, awareness) +‎ 付く (tsuku, to stick, to attach, to turn on).[1][2][3][4] The tsuku changes to zuku as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

気付く (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana きづく, rōmaji kizuku)

  1. to become aware, to notice
    それについて () ()かなかった
    Sore ni tsuite kizukanakatta.
    I was not aware of that. → I did not notice that.
     () (けん) () ()
    kiken ni kizuku
    to become aware of a danger → to notice a danger
  2. to be revived, to come back to one's senses
    気絶 (きぜつ)していた (ひと) () ()いた
    Kizetsu shiteita hito ga kizuita.
    The person who had passed out regained consciousness.

Usage notes[edit]

Although the English gloss to notice is transitive, note that 気付く (kizuku) is intransitive. The verb can take an indirect object, marked with the particle (ni), as in the examples above.

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0