気付く

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
つ > づ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of ‎(ki, awareness) +‎ 付く ‎(tsuku, to stick, to attach, to turn on). The tsuku changes to zuku due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

気付く ‎(intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana きづく, romaji kizuku)

  1. to become aware, to notice
    それについて気付 (きづ)かなかった
    sore ni tsuite kizukanakatta.
    I was not aware of that. → I did not notice that.
    危険 (きけん)気付 (きづ)
    kiken ni kizuku
    to become aware of a danger → to notice a danger
  2. to be revived, to come back to one's senses
    気絶 (きぜつ)していた (ひと)気付 (きづ)いた
    kizetsu shiteita hito ga kizuita.
    The person who had passed out regained consciousness.

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Although the English gloss "to notice" is transitive, note that 気付く (kizuku) is intransitive. The verb can take an indirect object, marked with the particle ‎(ni), as in the examples above.