一寸

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
いち > いっ
Grade: 1
すん
Grade: 6
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 一寸 ‎(yit tshwonH, literally one thumb, one inch).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

一寸 ‎(hiragana いっすん, romaji issun)

  1. one sun: a unit of length equivalent to a tenth of a ‎(shaku, traditional Japanese foot as a unit of length), or approximately 3.03 centimeters
  2. a short amount of time, distance, or mass
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 6
Irregular

From ちっと ‎(chitto), itself a geminated emphatic form of Old Japanese ちと ‎(chito), originally composed of ‎(chi, small, not used in isolation; cognate with the chi in 小さい chīsai) + ‎(to, adverbial particle).[2][1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

一寸 ‎(hiragana ちょっと, romaji chotto)

  1. slightly, a little, a bit
  2. an indirect expression of refusal
Usage notes[edit]

Usually spelled in hiragana, as ちょっと.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan