Bern

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See also: bern

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

 Bern on Wikipedia
canton of Bern (sense 2)

Alemannic German Bärn, of uncertain further origin.

A popular folk etymology says it was named by its founder, Berthold V, Duke of Zähringen, after the first animal he saw in the area, a Bär(in) (bear) (compare Berlin, subject to a similar folk etymology).

The name is now thought to be connected to a Celtic word, Proto-Celtic *berna (cleft) (from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerH- (to carve out, cut))[1][2] and *branos (raven) (compare the name ΒΡΕΝΟΔΩΡ (BRENODŌR), on the Bern zinc tablet, which has also been connected with the Gaulish name Brennus). More at Bern.

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Bern (countable and uncountable, plural Berns)

  1. A placename
    1. The capital city of Switzerland; capital city of Bern canton.
    2. A canton of Switzerland.
  2. A surname
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Andres Kristol (ed.), 2005: Lexikon der schweizerischen Gemeindenamen, Huber, Frauenfeld, p. 143. →ISBN
  1. ^ Müller, Wulf; Tremp, Ernst (13 November 2013). "Üchtland". Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  2. ^ Andres Kristol (ed.): Lexikon der schweizerischen Gemeindenamen. Huber, Frauenfeld 2005, p. 143.

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviations

Proper noun[edit]

Bern (plural Berns)

  1. A unisex given name, variant of Bernie
    1. A diminutive of the male given name Bernard, variant of Bernie
    2. A diminutive of the female given names Bernadette or Bernice, variant of Bernie

Anagrams[edit]

Afrikaans[edit]

Afrikaans Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia af

Proper noun[edit]

Bern

  1. Bern (the capital city of Switzerland; capital city of Bern canton)
  2. Bern (a canton of Switzerland).

Derived terms[edit]

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Bern m inan (related adjective bernský)

  1. Bern (the capital city of Switzerland; capital city of Bern canton)
  2. Bern (a canton of Switzerland)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Bern in Internetová jazyková příručka

Danish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Bern

  1. Bern (the capital city of Switzerland; capital city of Bern canton)
  2. Bern (a canton of Switzerland)

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from German Bern.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Bern n

  1. Bern (the capital city of Switzerland; capital city of Bern canton)
  2. Bern (a canton of Switzerland)

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested as birni in 709. Derived from Proto-Germanic *birnu- (muck, manure, mud that looks like manure) with collectivising suffix *-ja-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Bern n

  1. A hamlet in Zaltbommel, Gelderland, Netherlands.

References[edit]

  • van Berkel, Gerard; Samplonius, Kees (2018) Nederlandse plaatsnamen verklaard (in Dutch), Mijnbestseller.nl, →ISBN

Estonian[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Bern

  1. Bern (the capital city of Switzerland; capital city of Bern canton)
  2. Bern (a canton of Switzerland)

Faroese[edit]

Faroese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fo

Proper noun[edit]

Bern ?

  1. Bern (the capital of Switzerland)

German[edit]

 Bern on German Wikipedia
 Kanton Bern on German Wikipedia
Kanton Bern (sense 2)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Alemannic German Bärn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Bern n (proper noun, genitive Berns or (optionally with an article) Bern)

  1. Bern (the capital city of Switzerland; capital city of Bern canton)
  2. Bern (a canton of Switzerland)
    Synonym: Kanton Bern

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Bern” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • Bern” in Duden online
  • Bern” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon

Icelandic[edit]

Icelandic Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia is

Proper noun[edit]

Bern ?

  1. Bern (the capital of Switzerland)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Alemannic German Bärn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Bȇrn m (Cyrillic spelling Бе̑рн)

  1. Bern (the capital city of Switzerland; capital city of Bern canton)
  2. Bern (a canton of Switzerland)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bern” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Bern m inan (genitive singular Bernu, declension pattern of dub)

  1. Bern (the capital of Switzerland)

References[edit]

  • Bern”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Alemannic German Bärn.

Proper noun[edit]

Bern n (genitive Berns)

  1. Bern (the capital city of Switzerland; capital city of Bern canton)
  2. Bern (a canton of Switzerland)