верх

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *vьrxъ (whence also Old Church Slavonic врьхъ (vrĭxŭ)), from Proto-Indo-European *wers-.

Balto-Slavic cognates include Lithuanian viršus and Latvian virsus. Other Indo-European cognates include Latin verruca (a steep place, height), Ancient Greek ἕρμα (hérma, reef, rock, hill).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [vʲerx]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

верх (verxm inan (genitive ве́рха, nominative plural верхи́, genitive plural верхо́в)

  1. top, upper part, roof, dome, height
  2. (figuratively) summit, apex
    совеща́ние в верха́хsoveščánije v verxáxsummit meeting
  3. the highest degree of something
    Э́то верх глу́пости!Éto verx glúposti!This is the height of stupidity!

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

верх (verxm inan (genitive ве́рха, nominative plural верха́, genitive plural верхо́в)

  1. right side (of clothing, fabric), shoe upper, boot top
  2. hood, top, soft top, rag top of a carriage or convertible automobile
  3. cap, cover, outside, shell (clothing, as opposed to a lining)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vьrxъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

верх (verxm inan (genitive ве́рху, nominative plural верхи́, genitive plural верхі́в)

  1. top, upper part
    Antonym: низ (nyz)
  2. surface
  3. (figuratively) upper hand
  4. (colloquial, plural only) elite, leaders
  5. high notes, upper register
    Antonym: низи́ (nyzý)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

верх (verxm inan (genitive верха́, nominative plural верхи́, genitive plural верхі́в)

  1. dome, cupola
  2. roof
  3. chimney
  4. outer side (of a garment)

Declension[edit]

Preposition[edit]

верх (verx) (relational, g(genitive)or g(locative))

  1. (dialectal) on, on top of
    Synonyms: по́верх (póverx), зве́рху (zvérxu)