крюк

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See also: крук

Russian[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru
крюк

Etymology[edit]

According to Pokorny, from Proto-Indo-European *gers- (to twist, bend, turn), see also Old Saxon kerian, Old Norse keyra (to whip), also Ancient Greek γέρδιος (gérdios, weaver).[1]

According to Vasmer, the word is borrowed from Old Norse krókr, itself probably from the same Indo-European root.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [krʲuk]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

крюк (krjukm inan (genitive крюка́, nominative plural крюки́ or крю́чья, genitive plural крюко́в or крю́чьев, diminutive крючо́к)

  1. hook
    ру́ки-крю́ки (у кого́-либо)
    rúki-krjúki (u kovó-libo)
    (someone's) fingers are all thumbs
  2. detour

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “392-93”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 392-93
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “крюк”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress

Ukrainian[edit]

Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia uk

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old Ruthenian крюкъ, крукъ (krjuk, kruk), from Old Norse krókr, from Proto-Germanic *krōkaz.

Noun[edit]

крюк (krjukm inan (genitive крюка́, nominative plural крюки́, genitive plural крюкі́в, relational adjective крю́ковий, diminutive крючо́к)

  1. hook
    Synonym: гак (hak)
  2. pike pole, gaff, boathook
    Synonym: баго́р (bahór)
  3. fishhook, fishing hook
    Synonyms: гачо́к (hačók), гак (hak)
  4. (colloquial, dated) pettifogger, nitpicker
    Synonym: лицемі́р (lycemír)
  5. (historical) kryuk (a symbol used in Znamenny Chant)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *krukъ.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

крюк (krjukm animal (genitive крю́ка, nominative plural крюки́, genitive plural крюкі́в)

  1. (dialectal) Alternative form of крук (kruk) raven
    Synonym: во́рон m (vóron)
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]