Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: пере and пэре



From Proto-Slavic *per-.


  • пере-: IPA(key): [pʲɪrʲɪ]
  • пере́-: IPA(key): [pʲɪˈrʲe] (when stressed in past passive participles)
  • пе́ре-: IPA(key): [ˈpʲerʲɪ] (when stressed in nouns)



пере- (pere-)

  1. (used with verbs) over, over again (describing an action of moving by overcoming one or more obstacles)
    • лете́ть (imperfective, concrete)letétʹto fly
    • перелете́ть (perfective)pereletétʹto fly (by avoiding unpleasant factors such as bad weathers, falling objects, etc.; as one of its meanings)
  2. (used with verbs) across, trans- (describing an action of moving to a different place)
  3. (used with verbs) too much (describing an action of resulting something excessive)
  4. (used with verbs) extremely (describing an action of doing something much extreme than an average action)
  5. (used with verbs) re- (describing a repeating action)
  6. (used with verbs) (describing an alternating or exchanging action)
  7. (used with verbs) (describing a consequence of a completed action that affects many entities of a group)
  8. (used with verbs) (describing a destructed state of an entity, usually by cutting or tearing with tools or tool-like implements)
    • ре́зать (imperfective)rézatʹto cut up
    • перере́зать (perfective)pererézatʹto cut up many times with a sharp tool (also implying a meaning related to slaughtering and killing)
    • куса́ть (imperfective)kusátʹto bite
    • перекуси́ть (perfective)perekusítʹto split something into two by biting
  9. (used with verbs, colloquial, rare) (describing a light action that is not done in full measure)