кулак

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Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Turkic.

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

кула́к (kulákm inanimate

  1. fist (clenched hand)

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

References[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Turkic, with the same meaning, from *kul (hand). Compare Bashkir ҡул (qul, arm, hand), Tatar кул (qul, arm, hand) and Turkish kol (arm). The sense of “wealthy farmer” is from the expression держа́ть в кулаке́ (deržátʹ v kulaké, to keep in dependence) or developed figuratively as “fist” -> “tightfisted person”.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [kʊˈlak]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

кула́к (kulákm inan or m anim (genitive кулака́, nominative plural кулаки́, genitive plural кулако́в)

  1. fist
  2. (military) concentrated force
  3. (historical, usually derogatory) kulak (a prosperous peasant in the Russian Empire or the Soviet Union, who owned land and could hire workers)
  4. (mechanical) cam

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

кула́к (kulákm inan (genitive кулака́, nominative plural кулаки́)

  1. fist
  2. cog

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

кула́к (kulákm pers (genitive кулака́, nominative plural кулаки́)

  1. (historical, usually derogatory) kulak (a prosperous peasant in the Russian Empire or the Soviet Union, who owned land and could hire workers)
    Synonym: курку́ль (kurkúlʹ)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • кулак in I. K. Bilodid, editor (1970–1980) Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language], Kyjiv