кулак

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Turkic *kulak, with the same meaning, from *kul ‎(hand). Compare Turkish kol ‎(hand). The sense of “wealthy farmer” is from the expression держа́ть в кулаке ‎(deržátʹ v kulake, to keep in dependence) or developed figuratively as “fist” -> “tightfisted person”.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

кула́к ‎(kulákm inan, m anim ‎(genitive кулака́, nominative plural кулаки́, genitive plural кулако́в)

  1. fist
  2. (military) concentrated force
  3. (historical, usually pejorative) kulak (a prosperous peasant in the Russian Empire or the Soviet Union, who owned land and could hire workers)
  4. (mechanical) cam

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

кула́к ‎(kulákm inan, m anim ‎(genitive кулака́, nominative plural кулаки́)

  1. fist
  2. cog
  3. (historical, usually pejorative) kulak (a prosperous peasant in the Russian Empire or the Soviet Union, who owned land and could hire workers)

Declension[edit]

fist, cog:

kulak:

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]