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See also: о, ѿ, О, ӧ, о-, о., and -о-

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (-e) (after palatalized consonants, hushing consonants and ц)

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

or -о́ (-o or )

  1. Suffix added to adjectives to produce adverbs; highly productive
    однозна́чный (odnoznáčnyj, unambiguous) + ‎ (-o) → ‎однозна́чно (odnoznáčno, unambiguously)
    бы́стрый (býstryj, quick, fast) + ‎ (-o) → ‎бы́стро (býstro, quickly)
    сме́лый (smélyj, brave) + ‎ (-o) → ‎сме́ло (smélo, bravely)
    го́рький (górʹkij, bitter) + ‎ (-o) → ‎го́рько (górʹko, bitterly)
    со́бственный (sóbstvennyj, (one's) own) + ‎ (-o) → ‎со́бственно (sóbstvenno, in fact, as a matter of fact)
    больно́й (bolʹnój, sick, painful) + ‎ (-o) → ‎бо́льно (bólʹno, painfully; extremely)
    глухо́й (gluxój, deaf; dull, muffled) + ‎ (-o) → ‎глу́хо (glúxo, deafly; dully, in a muffled manner)
    дорого́й (dorogój, expensive, dear) + ‎ (-o) → ‎до́рого (dórogo, expensively, dearly)
    ра́вный (rávnyj, equal) + ‎-о́ () → ‎равно́ (ravnó, equally)
    смешно́й (smešnój, funny, comic) + ‎-о́ () → ‎смешно́ (smešnó, in a funny manner, comically)
    у́мный (úmnyj, clever, wise) + ‎-о́ () → ‎умно́ (umnó, cleverly, wisely)
    лёгкий (ljóxkij, light; easy) + ‎-о́ () → ‎легко́ (lexkó, lightly; easily)
    хоро́ший (xoróšij, good) + ‎-о́ () → ‎хорошо́ (xorošó, well)
    горя́чий (gorjáčij, hot; hot-tempered) + ‎-о́ () → ‎горячо́ (gorjačó, hotly, warmly; passionately)
    да́вний (dávnij, old, ancient, bygone) + ‎-о́ () → ‎давно́ (davnó, long ago)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The ending is most commonly unstressed even when the adjective is ending-stressed, but is sometimes stressed. Most of the time, whether the adverbial ending is unstressed or stressed follows the corresponding short neuter singular form of the adjective.
  • This ending replaces (-e) when stressed.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (-i) (used to form adverbs from adjectives whose stem ends in -ск- or -ий-/-j-)