From Middle English bitterli, biterli, biterliche, from Old English biterlīċe, bitterlīċe (“bitterly”), equivalent to bitter + -ly. Cognate with German Low German bitterlik (“bitterly”), German bitterlich (“bitterly”), Swedish bitterligen (“bitterly”).
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈbɪtəɹli/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈbɪtəli/
- Hyphenation: bit‧ter‧ly
Audio (US) (file)
- In a bitter manner.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter IV, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698:
- Judge Short had gone to town, and Farrar was off for a three days' cruise up the lake. I was bitterly regretting I had not gone with him when the distant notes of a coach horn reached my ear, and I descried a four-in-hand winding its way up the inn road from the direction of Mohair.
- 1956 , Johanna Spyri, Heidi, translation of original by Eileen Hall, page 91:
- Heidi threw herself down beside Clara's chair and began to cry bitterly.
Some adjectives commonly collocating with profusely:
- bitterly cold
- bitterly disappointed
- bitterly dividing
- bitterly frustrated