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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Akin to deverbal suffixes *-nьje and *-tьje. However, comparison with other Indo-European languages indicates archaicity of denominal formations, which are most likely substantivized adjectives. Compare


*-ьje n

  1. Denominal, forming collective nouns
    *ostrovъ (island)*ostrovьje (archipelago)
    *jedla (spruce, fir)*jedlьje (fir forest)
    *dǫbъ (tree)*dǫbьje (trees)
    *kamy, *kamene- (stone)*kamenьje (stones, rocks)
  2. Deverbal (from past participle), forming action nouns
    *dati*datъ / *danъ*datьje / *danьje
    (*obrětti >) *obrěsti*obrětenъ*obrětenьje
    (*ostojěti >) *ostojati*ostojanъ*ostojanьje
  3. Denominal, forming nouns denoting various concepts
    *usta (mouth)*ustьje (mouth)
    *sъnъ (sleep)*sъnьje (dream)
    *na- +‎ *rěčь (speech)*narěčьje (adverb)
    *na- +‎ *sila (force)*nasilьje (violence)
  4. Structural formant, without a base noun to synchronically derive from
    *zna-mę, *zna-men- (sign, signal, mark)*znamenьje (signs, signals, marks)
  5. Deadjectival, forming nouns denoting a property, state or condition
    *obilъ (abundant)*obilьje (abundance)
    *sъdorvъ (healthy)*sъdorvьje (health)
    *veselъ (happy)*veselьje (joy, happiness)
  6. Denominal, forming nouns denoting location or time
    *po- +‎ *rěka (river)*porěčьje (region near, along a river)
    *za- +‎ *gora (forest, mountain)*zagorьje (region nearby a mountain)
    *krajь- +‎ *bergъ (coast)*krajьberžьje (coastline)
    *nadъ- +‎ *věsъ (screen, curtain)*nadъvěsьje (arch, dome, sth hanging over)
    *bez- +‎ *vermę (time)*bezvermьje (timelessness)
    *na- +‎ *večerъ (eve)*navečerьje (evening, time before dawn)


See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • *-nьje (deverbal, with a *-n- suffix taken from past passive participle)
  • *-tьje (deverbal, with a *-t- suffix taken from past passive participle)


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -ие (-ie)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Cyrillic: (-je)
      Glagolitic: -ⱑ ()
    • Bulgarian: -ье (-ʹe), -ие (-ie)
    • Macedonian: -је (-je)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: -је; allomorphic: -ће (<* -t-ьje), -шће (<* -st-ьje) -ње (< *-n-ьje), -ље (< *-l-ьje)
      Latin: -je; allomorphic: -će (<* -t-ьje), -šće (<* -st-ьje) -nje (< *-n-ьje), -lje (< *-l-ьje)
    • Slovene: -je
  • West Slavic: