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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰos, from *bʰerǵʰ-

  • Inherited but with irregular reflex g<ǵʰ (insted of 'z')
  • Borrowed during prehistory from Germanic or Venetic-Illyrian language


*bȇrgъ m[1][2]

  1. hill
    Synonyms: *xъlmъ, *gora
  2. slope, cliff?
  3. bank, shore?, coast?
  4. edge
    Synonym: *krajь


Though it is traditionally reconstructed as a hard o-stem, Pronk-Tiethoff suggests that *bergъ was probably a u-stem instead, noting its accentuation and its reflexes found in Russian, e.g. the “second locative” na beregú and the adjective formation beregovój.

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


  • Non-Slavic:

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bȇrgъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 37: “m. o (c) ‘bank’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “bergъ -a”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “d (OSA 139f.; PR 137)”