Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/bergъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰos, from *bʰerǵʰ-

  • Inherited but with irregular reflex g<ǵʰ (insted of 'z')
  • Borrowed during prehistory from Germanic or Venetic-Illyrian language

Noun[edit]

*bȇrgъ m[1][2]

  1. hill
    Synonyms: *xъlmъ, *gora
  2. slope, cliff?
  3. bank, shore?, coast?
  4. edge
    Synonym: *krajь

Inflection[edit]

Though it is traditionally reconstructed as a hard o-stem, Pronk-Tiethoff suggests that *bergъ was probably a u-stem instead, noting its accentuation and its reflexes found in Russian, e.g. the “second locative” na beregú and the adjective formation beregovój.

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Non-Slavic:

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bȇrgъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 37: “m. o (c) ‘bank’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “bergъ -a”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “d (OSA 139f.; PR 137)”