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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From earlier *roikā, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃royHkeh₂, from *h₃reyH-, extension of *h₃er-. Equivalent to *rě- +‎ *-ka.

Indo-European cognates include Latin rīvus (brook, stream), Middle Irish rían (river, way), Old Irish ríathor (torrent), Sanskrit रय (ráуа), रीयते (rī́уаte), रीति (rītí), रेतस् (rétas), Gaulish *Rēnos, Albanian ritë, Old English rīþ, English rithe (dial.), Middle Low German rîn.


*rě̄kà or rěkà f[1]

  1. river


Related terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “река”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “река”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 108
  • Šanskij, N. M. (2004), “река”, in Školʹnyj etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [School Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Drofa


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*rě̄kà”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 434: “f. ā (b/c) ‘river’”