карандаш

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Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

In Russian from the 16–17th centuries. Borrowing from a Turkic language. Compare Turkish karataş (black slate), composed of kara (black) + taş (stone), Tatar кара таш (qara taş, graphite, black lead). The origin of epenthetic -н- (-n-) is unclear. Perhaps it was added in colloquial Russian speech to ease the pronunciation. Compare каланча (kalanča) for the same epenthesis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

каранда́ш (karandášm inan (genitive карандаша́, nominative plural карандаши́)

  1. pencil

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • карандаш” in Max Vasmer (1986), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 4 vols (second edition), Moscow: Progress — Translated from German and supplemented by O. N. Trubačóv, volume 2, page 192
  • карандаш” in Pavel Černyx (1999), Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 2 vols (3rd ed.), Moscow: Publishing House "Russian Language", volume 1, page 379
  • “карандаш” in Aleksandr Šapošnikov (2010), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ sovremennogo russkogo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of Contemporary Russian Language], in 2 vols, Moscow: Flinta; Nauka, volume 1, page 379