карандаш

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Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from a Turkic language.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

каранда́ш (karandášm inan (genitive карандаша́, nominative plural карандашы́, genitive plural карандашо́ў)

  1. pencil
    Synonym: ало́вак (alóvak)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • карандаш” in Belarusian-Russian dictionaries and Belarusian dictionaries at slounik.org

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

In Russian from the 16–17th centuries. Borrowing from a Turkic language. Compare Turkish karataş (black slate), composed of kara (black) + taş (stone), Tatar кара таш (qara taş, graphite, black lead). The origin of epenthetic -н- (-n-) is unclear. Perhaps it was added in colloquial Russian speech to ease the pronunciation. Compare каланча́ (kalančá) for the same epenthesis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [kərɐnˈdaʂ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aʂ

Noun[edit]

каранда́ш (karandášm inan (genitive карандаша́, nominative plural карандаши́, genitive plural карандаше́й, related adjective каранда́шный, diminutive каранда́шик)

  1. pencil
    У тебя́ есть каранда́ш?U tebjá jestʹ karandáš?Do you have a pencil?

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Skolt Sami: karndaš
  • Kildin Sami: карндашш (karndašš)

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1967) , “карандаш”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress, page 192
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999) , “карандаш”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 379
  • Šapošnikov, A. K. (2010) , “карандаш”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ sovremennovo russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Contemporary Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, Moscow: Flinta; Nauka, page 379