πολύς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *polh₁ús ‎(much, many), o-grade derivative of the root *pleh₁- ‎(to fill). Cognates include Latin plūs ‎(more), Sanskrit पुरु ‎(puru, much, many, abundant), Old Irish oll ‎(great, vast), Gothic 𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌿 ‎(filu, much, very) and Old Armenian յոլով ‎(yolov).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

πολῠ́ς ‎(polúsm ‎(feminine πολλή, neuter πολῠ́); first/second declension

  1. (of number, in the plural) many, a lot of
    1. (with nouns of multitude) large, great
    2. (of amount, with mass nouns) a lot of, much
    3. (rare, of a person) great, mighty
    4. (of sound) loud
    5. (attributively, adverbial) strongly, fully
    6. (of space) wide, large
    7. (of distance) far
    8. (of time) long; late
      πολὺν χρόνον
      polùn khrónon
      for a long time
      • 460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, 8 101.3
        ἔτι πολλῆς νυκτός
        though [it was] still late night
  2. neuter πολύ ‎(polú) or πολλά ‎(pollá) as substantive
    1. much, a lot
      1. πολλοῦ ἄξιος ‎(polloû áxios), πολλῶν ἄξιος ‎(pollôn áxios): worth a lot, valuable
      2. περὶ πολλοῦ ποιέομαι ‎(perì polloû poiéomai): to think something worth a great deal, value it greatly, be glad
        • 445 BCE – 380 BCE, Lysias, On the Murder of Eratosthenes 1
          περὶ πολλοῦ ἂν ποιησαίμην, ὦ ἄνδρες, τὸ τοιούτους ὑμᾶς ἐμοὶ ... γενέσθαι
          I would be glad, gentlemen, to have you be this way ...
    2. (of distance) A great distance, far

Usage notes[edit]

Unlike in English, when πολύς ‎(polús) is combined with another adjective, it is usually joined to the adjective with καί ‎(kaí): πολλὰ καὶ κακά ‎(pollà kaì kaká, many bad things).

The declension of πολύς ‎(polús) is formed from two stems, πολ- ‎(pol-) and πολλ- ‎(poll-) < πολϝ- ‎(polw-).

Inflection[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]



Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek πολύς ‎(polús, many)

Adjective[edit]

πολύς ‎(polýsm ‎(feminine πολλή, neuter πολύ)

  1. much, many, a lot of
    Αγόρασα πολύ λάδι.
    I bought a lot of oil.
  2. too much
    Έβαλες πολλή ζάχαρη στον καφέ.
    You put too much sugar in the coffee.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]