πολύς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *polh₁ús (much, many), o-grade derivative of the root *pleh₁- (to fill). Cognates include Latin plūs (more), Sanskrit पुरु (puru, much, many, abundant), Old Irish oll (great, vast), Gothic 𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌿 (filu, much, very) and Old Armenian յոլով (yolov).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /po.lýs/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /poˈlys/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /poˈlys/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /poˈlys/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /poˈlis/
  • Adjective[edit]

    πολῠ́ς (polúsm (feminine πολλή, neuter πολῠ́); first/second declension

    1. (of number, in the plural) many, a lot of
      1. (with nouns of multitude) large, great
      2. (of amount, with mass nouns) a lot of, much
      3. (rare, of a person) great, mighty
      4. (of sound) loud
      5. (attributively, adverbial) strongly, fully
      6. (of space) wide, large
      7. (of distance) far
      8. (of time) long; late
        πολὺν χρόνον
        polùn khrónon
        for a long time
    2. neuter πολύ (polú) or πολλά (pollá) as substantive
      1. much, a lot
        1. πολλοῦ ἄξιος (polloû áxios), πολλῶν ἄξιος (pollôn áxios): worth a lot, valuable
        2. περὶ πολλοῦ ποιέομαι (perì polloû poiéomai): to think something worth a great deal, value it greatly, be glad
          • 445 BCE – 380 BCE, Lysias, On the Murder of Eratosthenes 1
            περὶ πολλοῦ ἂν ποιησαίμην, ὦ ἄνδρες, τὸ τοιούτους ὑμᾶς ἐμοὶ [] γενέσθαι
            perì polloû àn poiēsaímēn, ô ándres, tò toioútous humâs emoì [] genésthai
            I would be glad, gentlemen, to have you be this way []
      2. (of distance) A great distance, far

    Usage notes[edit]

    Unlike in English, when πολύς (polús) is combined with another adjective, it is usually joined to the adjective with καί (kaí): πολλὰ καὶ κακά (pollà kaì kaká, many bad things, literally many and bad things).

    The declension of πολύς (polús) is formed from two stems, πολ- (pol-) and πολλ- (poll-) < πολϝ- (polw-).

    Inflection[edit]

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    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek πολύς (polús, many)

    Adjective[edit]

    πολύς (polýsm (feminine πολλή, neuter πολύ)

    1. much, many, a lot of
      Αγόρασα πολύ λάδι.Agórasa polý ládi.I bought a lot of oil.
    2. too much
      Έβαλες πολλή ζάχαρη στον καφέ.Évales pollí záchari ston kafé.You put too much sugar in the coffee.

    Declension[edit]

    Related terms[edit]