ил

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Bashkir[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ēl (realm).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [il]
  • Hyphenation: ил (one syllable)

Noun[edit]

ил (il)

  1. country, state
    Сит ил.
    Sit il.
    A foregn country.
    Һалдат илде һаҡлай.
    Haldat ilde haqlay.
    Soldier guards the country.
    Йәш быуын — илдең киләсәге.
    Yäš bïwïn — ildeñ kiläsäge.
    The young generation is the country's future.
    Илдә тәмәке тартыуға ҡаршы аҙналыҡ башланды.
    Ildä tämäke tartïwğa qaršï aðnalïq bašlandï.
    A weekly campaign against tobacco smoking has begun in the country.
    Беҙҙең илебеҙҙә Интернет түгел, гәзит барып етмәгән, почтальон аяғы баҫмаған мөйөштәр бар һаман.
    Beððeñ ilebeððä Internet tügel, gäzit barïp yetmägän, počtal’on ayağï baθmağan möyöštär bar haman.
    There are still locations in our country where newspapers do not reach, (where) postman's feet hasn't touched yet, let alone the Internet.
  2. society, people
  3. (archaic) homeland
    Батыр яуҙан ҡайтмаһа, даны ҡайтыр иленә.
    Batïr yawðan qaytmaha, danï qaytïr ilenä.
    If a hero does not return from war, his good name will return to his homeland.

Declension[edit]


Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jьlъ, *jilъ. Attested more in Western dialects.

Noun[edit]

ил (ilm

  1. silt, mire
    Synonyms: тиня (tinja), утайка (utajka)
  2. moor, bog
    Synonym: тресавище (tresavište)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ил in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1979), “ил¹”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 2, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 64

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jilъ, *jьlъ.

Noun[edit]

ил (ilm (uncountable)

  1. clay

Mongolian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

(Ulaanbaatar) IPA(key): /iɮ/, [iɮ]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Buryat эли (eli, wapiti fawn), Kalmyk ил (il, fawn).

Compare Proto-Turkic *elik (roebuck, wild goat) (see Turkish elik) and Even елкэн (jelkən, reindeer (leader of the herd)), similar to other Eurasian deer-related words such as Proto-Indo-European *h₁el- (deer), Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan *əlwæ (wild reindeer) (Chukchi ылвылю), Ket илэ.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ил (il) (Mongolian spelling ᠢᠯᠢ (ili))

  1. fawn (a young deer)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ил (il) (Mongolian spelling ᠢᠯᠡ (ile))

  1. clear, obvious, perceptible
    ил захидалil zahidalpost card
    Synonyms: тод (tod), тодорхой (todorhoj), илэрхий (ilerhij), ил тод (il tod)
  2. out in the open (not hidden; not inside)
    ил уурхайil uurhajopencast mine
    Synonyms: задгай (zadgaj), ил задгай (il zadgaj)
  3. known (not secret)
Antonyms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ил (il)

  1. publicly, openly
    ил хэлэхil helehto say to one’s face
    ил гаргахil gargahto make clear
    ил ярихil jarihgive a speech

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from a Turkic language, hailing back to Proto-Turkic *ēl. The sense evolution of international relations, ally and peace is attested already in pre-Mongolian Turkic languages.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ил (il) (Mongolian spelling ᠢᠯ (il))

  1. country, territory
  2. (archaic) ally
  3. (archaic) harmony, peace

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

ил (il) (Mongolian spelling ᠢᠯᠢ (ili))

  1. imperative of илэх (ileh)

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic илъ (ilŭ), from Proto-Slavic *jьlъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [il]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ил (ilm inan (genitive и́ла, nominative plural и́лы, genitive plural и́лов)

  1. silt, clay, mud, ooze, sludge

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]