ил

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bashkir[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ēl (realm).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [il]
  • Hyphenation: ил (one syllable)

Noun[edit]

ил (il)

  1. country, state
    Сит ил.
    Sit il.
    A foreign country.
    Һалдат илде һаҡлай.
    Haldat ilde haqlay.
    Soldier guards the country.
    Йәш быуын — илдең киләсәге.
    Yäş bıwın — ildeŋ kiläsäge.
    The young generation is the country's future.
    Илдә тәмәке тартыуға ҡаршы аҙналыҡ башланды.
    İldä tämäke tartıwğa qarşı aðnalıq başlandı.
    A weekly campaign against tobacco smoking has begun in the country.
    Беҙҙең илебеҙҙә Интернет түгел, гәзит барып етмәгән, почтальон аяғы баҫмаған мөйөштәр бар һаман.
    Beððeŋ ilebeððä İnternet tügel, gäzit barıp yetmägän, poçtal’on ayağı baθmağan möyöştär bar haman.
    There are still locations in our country where newspapers do not reach, (where) postman's feet hasn't touched yet, let alone the Internet.
  2. society, people
  3. (archaic) homeland
    Батыр яуҙан ҡайтмаһа, даны ҡайтыр иленә.
    Batır yawðan qaytmaha, danı qaytır ilenä.
    If a hero does not return from war, his good name will return to his homeland.

Declension[edit]


Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jьlъ, *jilъ. Attested more in Western dialects.

Noun[edit]

ил (ilm

  1. silt, mire
    Synonyms: тиня (tinja), утайка (utajka)
  2. moor, bog
    Synonym: тресавище (tresavište)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Chuvash[edit]

Verb[edit]

ил (il)

  1. to take
  2. to remove, to take away
  3. to bring, to bring along
  4. to buy, to purchase
  5. to receive
  6. to charge, collect, to levy, to take monies (in forms of taxes, payments, duties, tariffs, and fines)
  7. to capture, seize
    тыткӑна илtytkăna ilto take captives
    хулана илhulana ilto seize/capture the town
  8. penetrate, pierce
  9. (of clothes etc.) take off (remove)

Further reading[edit]

  • “ил”, in Электронлă сăмахсар[1] (in Russian-Chuvash, Chuvash-Russian), 1996.

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jilъ, *jьlъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ил (ilm or f

  1. clay

Declension[edit]

(Masculine declension)

(Feminine declension)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ил” in Дигитален речник на македонскиот јазик (Digitalen rečnik na makedonskiot jazik) [Digital dictionary of the Macedonian language] − drmj.eu

Mongolian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

(Ulaanbaatar) IPA(key): /iɮ/, [iɮ]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Buryat эли (eli, wapiti fawn), Kalmyk ил (il, fawn).

Compare Proto-Turkic *elik (roebuck, wild goat) (see Turkish elik) and Even елкэн (jelkən, reindeer (leader of the herd)), similar to other Eurasian deer-related words such as Proto-Indo-European *h₁el- (deer), Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan *əlwæ (wild reindeer) (Chukchi ылвылю), Ket илэ.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ил (il) (Mongolian spelling ᠢᠯᠢ (ili))

  1. fawn (a young deer)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Compare Yakut илэ (ile, explicitly, openly).

Adjective[edit]

ил (il) (Mongolian spelling ᠢᠯᠡ (ile))

  1. clear, obvious, perceptible
    ил захидалil dzahidalpost card
    Synonyms: тод (tod), тодорхой (todorhoy), илэрхий (ilerhiy), ил тод (il tod)
  2. out in the open (not hidden; not inside)
    ил уурхайil uurhayopencast mine
    Synonyms: задгай (dzadgay), ил задгай (il dzadgay)
  3. known (not secret)
Antonyms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ил (il)

  1. publicly, openly
    ил хэлэхil helehto say to one’s face
    ил гаргахil gargahto make clear
    ил ярихil yarihgive a speech

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from a Turkic language, hailing back to Proto-Turkic *ēl. The sense evolution of international relations, ally and peace is attested already in pre-Mongolian Turkic languages.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ил (il) (Mongolian spelling ᠢᠯ (il))

  1. country, territory
  2. (archaic) ally
  3. (archaic) harmony, peace

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

ил (il) (Mongolian spelling ᠢᠯᠢ (ili))

  1. imperative of илэх (ileh)

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic илъ (ilŭ), from Proto-Slavic *jьlъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [iɫ]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ил (ilm inan (genitive и́ла, nominative plural и́лы, genitive plural и́лов)

  1. silt, clay, mud, ooze, sludge

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Yakut[edit]

Yakut Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sah

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ēl (realm).

Noun[edit]

ил (il)

  1. (geography) state

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

ил (il)

  1. friendship, amity
  2. (diplomacy, religion) peace
    Synonym: эйэ (eye, peace)
    Antonym: сэрии (serii, war)
Derived terms[edit]