Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Alternative forms[edit]


From Latin -ēnsis (compare Occitan -és, French -ais, Spanish -és, Italian -ese). Doublet of -enc.



-ès (feminine -esa, masculine plural -esos, feminine plural -eses)

  1. -ese; Used to form an adjective with the meaning of “pertinent thereto”.


-ès m (plural -esos, feminine -esa)

  1. -ese; Used to form a noun with the meaning of “an inhabitant thereof”.


-ès m (uncountable)

  1. -ese; Used to form a proper noun with the meaning of “the language used by the inhabitants thereof”.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Unlike English, where the capitalization of the proper noun is retained when a suffix is added, in Catalan, when this suffix is used with a place name, the capitalization is dropped, even when forming a language name that is itself a proper noun. Hence Irlanda (Ireland) + -ès yields irlandès not *Irlandès.

Derived terms[edit]