Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/harjaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kóryos (war, troops), from *ker-. Cognate with Old Irish cuire (troop, host, company; muster), Lithuanian kãras, kãrias (war), Ancient Greek κοίρανος (koíranos, ruler, commander, military leader), Old Persian 𐎼𐎢 (kāra, people of war, army).

Possibly attested as a vocative or combining form hari on Negau B, a helmet dated to 450-350 BCE (although the inscription may have been added much later with a terminus ante quem of 50 BCE, when the hoard was buried). First attested with certainty as runic harja (2nd century, Vimose), although the latter inscription may be considered to postdate Proto-Germanic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*harjaz m

  1. army
  2. army leader; commander; warrior

Inflection[edit]

masculine ja-stemDeclension of *harjaz (masculine ja-stem)
singular plural
nominative *harjaz *harjōz, *harjōs
vocative *hari *harjōz, *harjōs
accusative *harją *harjanz
genitive *harjas, *haris *harjǫ̂
dative *harjai *harjamaz
instrumental *harjō *harjamiz

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]