Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/harjaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Attested as runic harja (2nd century, Vimose). From Proto-Indo-European *kóryos (war, troops), from *ker-. Cognate with Old Irish cuire (troop, host, company; muster), Lithuanian kãras, kãrias (war), Ancient Greek κοίρανος (koíranos, ruler, commander, military leader), Old Persian 𐎼𐎢 (kāra, people of war, army).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*harjaz m

  1. army
  2. army leader; commander; warrior

Inflection[edit]

The vocative is attested as hari (450-350 BCE, Negau).

masculine a-stemDeclension of *harjaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *harjaz *harjōz, *harjōs
vocative *hari *harjōz, *harjōs
accusative *harją *harjanz
genitive *harjas, *haris *harjǫ̂
dative *harjai *harjamaz
instrumental *harjō *harjamiz

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]