aetas

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See also: Aetas and ätas

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Syncope of earlier aevitās, from Proto-Italic *aiwotāts, from *aiwom (whence also aevum) + *-tāts (whence also -tās), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ey-u-(vital energy), from *h₂ey-. Surface etymology: from aevum +‎ -tās.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aetās f ‎(genitive aetātis); third declension

  1. lifetime, age
  2. (metonymically) a generation

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative aetās aetātēs
genitive aetātis aetātum
dative aetātī aetātibus
accusative aetātem aetātēs
ablative aetāte aetātibus
vocative aetās aetātēs

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • aetas in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aetas in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • AETAS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.aetas”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the present day: haec tempora, nostra haec aetas, memoria
    • in our time; in our days: his temporibus, nostra (hac) aetate, nostra memoria, his (not nostris) diebus
    • our generation has seen many victories: nostra aetas multas victorias vidit
    • in the time of Pericles: aetate (temporibus) Periclis
    • the middle ages: media quae vocatur aetas
    • Pericles, the greatest man of his day: Pericles summus vir illius aetatis
    • to live (all) one's life (honourably, in the country, as a man of learning): vitam, aetatem (omnem aetatem, omne aetatis tempus) agere (honeste, ruri, in litteris), degere, traducere
    • to be of such and such an age: ea aetate, id aetatis esse
    • from one's entry into civil life: ab ineunte (prima) aetate (De Or. 1. 21. 97)
    • the prime of youthful vigour: flos aetatis
    • to be in the prime of life: aetate florere, vigere
    • to be in the prime of life: integra aetate esse
    • with advancing years: aetate progrediente
    • with the weight, weakness of declining years: aetate ingravescente
    • manhood: aetas constans, media, firmata, corroborata (not virilis)
    • having reached man's estate: corroborata, firmata aetate
    • to be advanced in years: aetate provectum esse (not aetate provecta)
    • to be more advanced in years: longius aetate provectum esse
    • to be infirm through old age: aetate affecta esse
    • to die at a good old age: exacta aetate mori
    • the last stage of life, one's last days: extrema aetas
    • the last stage of life, one's last days: extremum tempus aetatis
    • to be older than: aetate alicui antecedere, anteire
    • how old are you: qua aetate es?
    • to be entering on one's tenth year: decimum aetatis annum ingredi
    • to be middle-aged (i.e. between thirty and forty): tertiam iam aetatem videre
    • to happen during a person's life, year of office: in aetatem alicuius, in annum incidere
    • our contemporaries; men of our time: homines huius aetatis, nostrae memoriae
    • later writers: scriptores aetate posteriores or inferiores
    • to pass one's life in luxury and idleness: per luxum et ignaviam aetatem agere
    • to devote one's life to science, study: aetatem in litteris ducere, agere
    • the usual subjects taught to boys: doctrinae, quibus aetas puerilis impertiri solet (Nep. Att. 1. 2)
    • the usual subjects taught to boys: artes, quibus aetas puerilis ad humanitatem informari solet
    • to choose a career, profession: genus vitae (vivendi) or aetatis degendae deligere
    • modern history: recentioris aetatis memoria
    • the history of our own times; contemporary history: memoria huius aetatis (horum temporum)
    • universal history: omnis memoria, omnis memoria aetatum, temporum, civitatum or omnium rerum, gentium, temporum, saeculorum memoria
    • the mythical period, the heroic age: aetas heroica (Tusc. 5. 3. 7)
    • the principles which I have followed since I came to man's estate: meae vitae rationes ab ineunte aetate susceptae (Imp. Pomp. 1. 1.)
    • people of every rank and age: homines omnium ordinum et aetatum
    • the consular age (43 years): aetas consularis
    • military age: aetas militaris
    • men exempt from service owing to age: qui per aetatem arma ferre non possunt or aetate ad bellum inutiles
  • aetas in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aetas in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin