gamall

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Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse gamall, from Proto-Germanic *gamalaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gamall (comparative eldri, superlative elstur)

  1. old
    • Colossians 3:9
      Ljúgið ekki hver að öðrum, því þér hafið afklæðst hinum gamla manni með gjörðum hans.
      Do not lie to each other, since you have taken off your old self with its practices.
    Hvað er mamma þín gömul? — Hún er fjörutíu og níu ára gömul.
    How old is your mom? — She's forty-nine years old.
    Hvað ertu gamall?
    How old are you?
  2. old, ancient

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gamall (masculine and feminine gamall, neuter gamalt, definite singular and plural gamle)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1917; superseded by gamal

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The positive form is from Proto-Germanic *gamalaz. The comparative and superlative forms are from Proto-Germanic *alþizô and *alþistaz respectively, comparison forms of the positive *aldaz (old), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eltós, ultimately from the root *h₂el- (to grow, nourish). Confer with English oldeldereldest.

Adjective[edit]

gamall (comparative ellri, superlative ellztr)

  1. old
    • Hávamál, verse 135
      [] at hárum þul / hlæ þú aldregi,
      oft er gótt, / þat er gamlir kveða; []
      [] at a grey-haired sage / never laugh,
      often is good, / that which the old tell; []
  2. old, aged; of a certain age
    • hve gamall maðr ertu
      how old art thou?

Inflection[edit]

This word has a suppletive inflection, using another root in the comparative and superlative forms, than in the positive form.

Descendants[edit]

  • Danish: gammel
  • Elfdalian: gåmål
  • Faroese: gamal
  • Icelandic: gamall
  • Norwegian Bokmål: gammel
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: gammal
  • Old Swedish: gamal

References[edit]

  • gamall in Geir T. Zoëga, A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910
  • ellri in Geir T. Zoëga, A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910
  • ellztr in Geir T. Zoëga, A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910