失礼

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See also: 失禮

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 失禮.
(This term, 失礼, is the simplified form of 失禮.)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しつ
Grade: 4
れい
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Middle Chinese compound 失禮 ‎(syit lejX, literally lose, loss + propriety). Compare modern Min Nan reading sit-lé.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

失礼 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 失禮, -na inflection, hiragana しつれい, romaji shitsurei)

  1. rude, impolite, ill-mannered
    失礼 (しつれい) (ひと)
    Shitsurei na hito.
    A rude person.
    そういう () (かた)失礼 (しつれい)だ。
    Sō iu iikata wa shitsurei da.
    It's impolite to say it like that.
    失礼 (しつれい)ですが。
    Shitsurei desu ga.
    It's a rudeness, but... → I don't mean to be rude, but...

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

失礼 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 失禮, hiragana しつれい, romaji shitsurei)

  1. rudeness, impoliteness
    失礼 (しつれい)ですが。
    Shitsurei desu ga.
    It's a rudeness, but... → I don't mean to be rude, but...

Synonyms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

失礼 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 失禮, hiragana しつれい, romaji shitsurei)

  1. I'm sorry, excuse me

Verb[edit]

失礼する ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 失禮, hiragana しつれいする, romaji shitsurei suru)

  1. to be rude, to do something rude

Usage notes[edit]

Used idiomatically to mean excuse me or I'm sorry. Examples include:

失礼 (しつれい)しました。
Shitsurei shimashita.
I was rudeI'm sorry. (in reference to a past action)
では、失礼 (しつれい)します。
De wa, shitsurei shimasu.
I will be rudeExcuse me (said at the end of a phone call just before hanging up)
 (さき)失礼 (しつれい)します。
O-saki ni shitsurei shimasu.
I will be rude by doing something first → Excuse me, I'm leaving now. (before other people leave)

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.