中央

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

 
middle; center; within; among; in; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; hit (the mark)
beg; center
simp. and trad.
(中央)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (9) (34)
Final () (2) (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuŋ/ /ʔɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuŋ/ /ʔiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuŋ/ /ʔiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwŋ/ /ʔɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuŋ/ /ʔiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuŋ/ /ĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uŋ/ /ʔi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng yāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōng yāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwng › ‹ ʔjang ›
Old
Chinese
/*truŋ/ /*ʔaŋ/
English center center (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 17407 14488
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuŋ/ /*qaŋ/

Noun[edit]

中央

  1. centre
  2. central authorities
    中共中央宣傳 / 中共中央宣传  ―  zhōnggòng zhōngyāng xuānchuán bù  ―  Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China
  3. (literary) monarch

Adjective[edit]

中央

  1. (attributive) central

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (中央):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
おう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 中央 ‎(trjuwng ʔjang, literally centre).

Noun[edit]

中央 ‎(hiragana ちゅうおう, romaji chūō, historical hiragana ちゆうあう)

  1. center, middle
    宮崎市 (みやざきし)は、宮崎県 (みやざきけん)のほぼ中央 (ちゅうおう)にある ()県庁所在地 (けんちょうしょざいち)中核市 (ちゅうかくし)である。
    Miyazaki shi wa, miyazaki ken no hobo chūō ni aru shi de kenchō shozaichi, chūkaku shi de aru.
    Miyazaki city is roughly in the center of Miyazaki prefecture, and is its main city and capital.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

中央 ‎(jung-ang) ‎(hangeul 중앙)

  1. Hanja form? of 중앙, “center, middle”.