中央

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Chinese[edit]

 
middle; center; within; among; in; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; hit (the mark)
beg; center
simp. and trad.
(中央)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (中央, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (9)
Final: (2)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhōng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈɨuŋ/ /ʈiuŋ/ /ȶiuŋ/ /ʈuwŋ/ /ȶiuŋ/ /ȶĭuŋ/ /ȶi̯uŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final: (105)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yāng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɨɐŋ/ /ʔiɐŋ/ /ʔiɑŋ/ /ʔɨaŋ/ /ʔiaŋ/ /ĭaŋ/ /ʔi̯aŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (中央, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhōng ‹ trjuwng › /*truŋ/ center
yāng ‹ ʔjang › /*ʔaŋ/ center (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17407 0 /*tuŋ/
14488 0 /*qaŋ/

Noun[edit]

中央

  1. centre
  2. central authorities
    中共中央宣傳 / 中共中央宣传  ―  zhōnggòng zhōngyāng xuānchuán bù  ―  Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China
  3. (literary) monarch

Adjective[edit]

中央

  1. central (when used as an attributive)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (中央):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
おう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

中央 ‎(hiragana ちゅうおう, romaji chūō, historical hiragana ちゆうあう)

  1. center, middle
    宮崎市 (みやざきし)は、宮崎県 (みやざきけん)のほぼ中央 (ちゅうおう)にある ()県庁所在地 (けんちょうしょざいち)中核市 (ちゅうかくし)である。
    Miyazaki shi wa, miyazaki ken no hobo chūō ni aru shi de kenchō shozaichi, chūkaku shi de aru.
    Miyazaki city is roughly in the center of Miyazaki prefecture, and is its main city and capital.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

中央 ‎(jung-ang) ‎(hangeul 중앙)

  1. Hanja form? of 중앙, “center, middle”.