中央

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Chinese[edit]

 
middle; center; within; among; in; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; hit (the mark)
center; to implore
simp. and trad.
(中央)
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中央

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tûng-ông - vernacular ("centre");
  • chûng-yông - literary ("central authorities").
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • tiong-ng - vernacular;
    • tiong-iong/tiong-iang - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 1/1
    Initial () (9) (34)
    Final () (2) (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈɨuŋ/ /ʔɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈiuŋ/ /ʔiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶiuŋ/ /ʔiɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈuwŋ/ /ʔɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶiuŋ/ /ʔiaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶĭuŋ/ /ĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶi̯uŋ/ /ʔi̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhōng yāng
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhōng yāng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ trjuwng › ‹ ʔjang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*truŋ/ /*ʔaŋ/
    English center center (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 1/1
    No. 17407 14488
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tuŋ/ /*qaŋ/

    Noun[edit]

    中央

    1. centre (of all sides, ends, surfaces, etc.); middle (of a road)
      球場中央 / 球场中央  ―  zài qiúchǎng zhōngyāng  ―  in the centre of the field
      馬路中央 / 马路中央  ―  zài mǎlù zhōngyāng  ―  in the middle of the road
    2. central authorities
      中共中央宣傳 / 中共中央宣传  ―  zhōnggòng zhōngyāng xuānchuán bù  ―  Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China
    3. monarch; imperial government

    Adjective[edit]

    中央

    1. (attributive) central

    Derived terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    中央

    1. () Chūō, Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic (中央):

    See also[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ちゅう
    Grade: 1
    おう
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese compound 中央 (MC ʈɨuŋ ʔɨɐŋ, “lit. centre”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    中央 (hiragana ちゅうおう, rōmaji chūō, historical hiragana ちゆうあう)

    1. center/centre, middle
      宮崎市 (みやざきし)は、宮崎県 (みやざきけん)のほぼ (ちゅう) (おう)にある ()県庁所在地 (けんちょうしょざいち)中核市 (ちゅうかくし)である。
      Miyazaki shi wa, miyazaki ken no hobo chūō ni aru shi de kenchō shozaichi, chūkaku shi de aru.
      Miyazaki city is roughly in the centre/center of Miyazaki prefecture, and is its main city and capital.

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja in this term

    Noun[edit]

    中央 (jung-ang) (hangeul 중앙)

    1. Hanja form? of 중앙, “center, middle”.