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See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogram (指事):  +  – comparing two 干 side by side, even.

Note that in some early forms of , the unrelated (two hands) is drawn as 幵.

Han character[edit]

(radical 51 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一十一十 (MJMJ), four-corner 10440, composition干)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 340, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9169
  • Dae Jaweon: page 649, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 408, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5E75

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ken/
Pan
Wuyun
/ken/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛn/
Li
Rong
/ken/
Wang
Li
/kien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ ken ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤe[r]/
English even, level (Shuōwén)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6161
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kŋeːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. even, level
  2. to raise in both hands

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeon) (hangeul , revised gyeon, McCune-Reischauer kyŏn, Yale kyen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.