-ful

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

⠰⠇

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English -ful, -full, from Old English -ful, -full ‎(full of; -ful), from Proto-Germanic *-fullaz ‎(-ful), from Proto-Germanic *fullaz ‎(full), see full. Cognate with Dutch -vol ‎(-ful), German -voll ‎(-ful), Swedish -full ‎(-ful), Icelandic -fullur, -fyllur ‎(-ful).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ful

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns. An adjective derived by this suffix implies a thorough and certain possession of the quality of that noun, not a metaphorical fullness with it by degree or quantity. One who is wakeful is fully awake, not frequently waking; what is changeful is uncertain, not transformed; what is harmful may do a single and a mild injury.
  2. Used to form nouns from nouns meaning “as much as can be held by what is denoted by the noun”
    bowlful
    handful

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old English[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ful

  1. full of