-kas

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See also: kas, kAS, kAs, kaš, kaş, Kaş, and kas-

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-k'as. Cognate to Finnish -kas.

Suffix[edit]

-kas (genitive -ka, partitive -kat)

  1. Derives adjectives from some nouns
    sisu "content" → sisukas "eventful"
    vaim "soul" → vaimukas "funny"
    nali "joke" → naljakas "funny"

Derived terms[edit]



Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-k'as.

Suffix[edit]

-kas (front vowel harmony variant -käs)

  1. -y, -ful; a suffix that can be used to turn many, but not all, nouns into adjectives that indicate abundant presence of the thing expressed by the noun.
    kukka (flower)kukikas (flower-patterned)
    raha (money)rahakas (lucrative)
    taito (skill)taidokas (skilful)
    voima (power)voimakas (powerful)
    ääni (noise)äänekäs (noisy)
    harteet (shoulders)harteikas (broad-shouldered)
  2. Forms nouns chacterized by an abundance of the base word.
    asia (errand, matter)asiakas (customer)
    ora (thorn)orakas (hydnoid mushroom)
  3. -ish; a suffix that forms moderative adjectives; rare in standard Finnish.
    kuiva (dry)kuivakas (dryish)
  4. Forms nouns indicating a concept associated with the base word from nouns or verbs.
    juuri (root)juurikas (root vegetable)
    pudota (to fall)pudokas (fallen object)


Declension[edit]

Inflection of -kas (Kotus type 41/vieras, kk-k gradation)
nominative -kas -kkaat
genitive -kkaan -kkaiden
-kkaitten
partitive -kasta -kkaita
illative -kkaaseen -kkaisiin
singular plural
nominative -kas -kkaat
accusative nom. -kas -kkaat
gen. -kkaan
genitive -kkaan -kkaiden
-kkaitten
partitive -kasta -kkaita
inessive -kkaassa -kkaissa
elative -kkaasta -kkaista
illative -kkaaseen -kkaisiin
-kkaihinrare
adessive -kkaalla -kkailla
ablative -kkaalta -kkailta
allative -kkaalle -kkaille
essive -kkaana -kkaina
translative -kkaaksi -kkaiksi
instructive -kkain
abessive -kkaatta -kkaitta
comitative -kkaine

Derived terms[edit]


Usage notes[edit]

When the suffix is added to the noun, the stem changes in accordance with consonant gradation. The suffix is added to the plural stem on most hame-type nouns and in many cases of other non-mass concrete nouns, e.g. mainemaineikas instead of **maineekas, kukkakukikas instead of **kukakas.

Anagrams[edit]