sisu

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Finnish sisu, documented in English since at least 1940.

Noun[edit]

sisu (uncountable)

  1. strength of will in the face of adversity; grit; perseverance; regarded as an integral part of Finnish culture.
    • 1940 January 8, “Northern Theatre:Sisu”, in Time Magazine:
      Last week the Finns gave the world a good example of sisu by carrying the war into Russian territory on one front while on another they withstood merciless attacks by a reinforced Russian Army.
    • 1999, Norma J. Livo & ‎George O. Livo, The Enchanted Wood and Other Tales from Finland, ISBN 156308578X, page 5:
      People living in northern climates need plenty of sisu.
    • 2016, Angela Duckworth, Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance, ISBN 1473527872:
      We agreed there was a pressing need for a systematic investigation of sisu, how Finns think about it, how its propagated.
    • 2016, Katie Falkowski, GRIND: Greatness Rises in Each New Day: Get up, Show up, and Grind, ISBN 1622178386:
      Life requires all of us to have a certain level of sisu when things get tough, which they inevitably will.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From sise- +‎ -u. Cognate with Finnish sisu.

Noun[edit]

sisu (genitive sisu, partitive sisu)

  1. content, something that is inside

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The same root as sisä- (inner), compare Estonian sisu (content).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈsisu]
  • Hyphenation: si‧su

Noun[edit]

sisu

  1. perseverance, doggedness, stubbornness, grit, stamina, spunk, determination, courage, guts (unwavering strength to keep going when the going gets tough)
    Voimamme olivat aivan lopussa, mutta jatkoimme pelkällä sisulla.
    We were completely exhausted but continued out of pure determination / to spite fate.
    Hänellä on paljon sisua. Luulen, että hän jaksaa siksi juosta pitkään.
    He has a lot of stamina. I suppose that is why he can run for a long time.
    Onko sinulla sisua sanoa "ei" pomollesi?
    Do you have the guts to say "no" to your boss?
  2. sisu, often with the attribute suomalainen (Finnish) (strength of will in the face of adversity; grit; perseverance; regarded as an integral part of Finnish culture)
    • 2011, Onni Palaste, Talvisodan ääniä [Voices of the Winter War], WSOY, ISBN 9510371084:
      Kymmenkertaisella jalkaväen ylivoimalla, kymmenkertaisen tykistömäärän tukemana ja 150 hyökkäysvaunun voimalla vihollinen avasi tietä jalkaväelle, vastassaan vain suomalainen sisu.
      With tenfold superiority in number of troops, backed with a tenfold amount of artillery and with a force of 150 tanks, the enemy opened the passage for its infantry, opposed only by the famous Finnish sisu.
    • 1967, Jörn Donner, Uusi Maammekirja, Otava, page 54:
      En tiedä, kuka ja ketkä ovat vastuussa siitä, että Suomen saavutusten uskotaan olevan sisun aikaansaannosta. Sotakorvauksia on pidetty sellaisena, mutta myös 1950—60 -lukujen vaihteessa tapahtunutta teollisuuden laajentumista. Haluan varoittaa sinua: kaikki tämä on pelkkää myyttiä, jolla ei ole mitään tekemistä todellisuuden kanssa. Kestävyys ei ole tässä maassa sen suurempaa kuin muuallakaan.
      I don't know who is responsible for the idea that all Finnish achievements are believed to be due to the famous Finnish sisu. These have included the payment of war reparations, but also the expansion of industry that took place at the turn 1950s and 1960s. I want to warn you: all this is a mere myth, which has nothing to do with reality. Perseverance isn't any greater in this country than elsewhere.
  3. temper (tendency to be of a certain type of mood, especially of a bad or defiant one)
    Komentelu kävi hänen sisulleen.
    The bossing tried his temper.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of sisu (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative sisu sisut
genitive sisun sisujen
partitive sisua sisuja
illative sisuun sisuihin
singular plural
nominative sisu sisut
accusative nom. sisu sisut
gen. sisun
genitive sisun sisujen
partitive sisua sisuja
inessive sisussa sisuissa
elative sisusta sisuista
illative sisuun sisuihin
adessive sisulla sisuilla
ablative sisulta sisuilta
allative sisulle sisuille
essive sisuna sisuina
translative sisuksi sisuiksi
instructive sisuin
abessive sisutta sisuitta
comitative sisuineen

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Kilivila[edit]

Verb[edit]

-sisu- [1]

  1. to live
  2. to exist, to be

Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gunter Senft (1986), Kilivila: the Language of the Trobriand Islanders. Berlin • New York • Amsterdam: Mouton de Gruyter, p. 370. ISBN 3-11-010781-3

Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

sísu class 7 (plural tísu class 8)

  1. stomach
  2. pregnancy

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.