-nis

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See also: nis, Nis, NIS, niś, niš, Niš, ñiś, and -niß

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch -nissi, -nussi, from Proto-Germanic *-nassuz.

Suffix[edit]

-nis f (plural -nissen)

  1. -ness

Usage notes[edit]

The deverbal suffix -nis proved one of the most productive noun-forming suffixes in Dutch up until 16th century Dutch.[1] It was a deverbal noun former and formed with verbal stems, infinitives or participles. Nowaydays, the suffix -nis “-ness” is either no longer productive or at most marginally productive.

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]


German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to English -ness, see -ness for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-nis n (genitive -nisses, plural -nisse)

  1. A suffix for deriving nouns from verbs or adjectives.
    hindern (to hinder, to hamper)Hindernis (an obstacle)
    geheim (secret, adjective)Geheimnis (a secret, noun)

Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-nis f (genitive -nis, plural -nisse)

  1. A suffix for deriving nouns from from verbs or adjectives, etymologically identical to the preceding.
    erlauben (to permit)Erlaubnis (permission)
    finster (dark)Finsternis (darkness)

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

There is no perfect rule to determine whether a noun with the suffix -nis is neuter (→ suffix 1) or feminine (→ suffix 2). The former may be concrete or abstract, whereas the latter are almost exclusively abstract.


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-nis f

  1. Used to form abstract nouns, usually from adjectives, denoting quality or state. See -nes