penge

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See also: Penge

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

penge (uncountable)

  1. (philately) (typically penge flaw or penge error) a printing flaw on early Australian stamps where the c in pence appeared like the letter g.
    • 2017, Alan Griffiths, The 1879 First Sideface Issue of Queensland, page 21:
      The ‘PENGE’ flaw which is caused by a white defect on letter ‘C’ of PENCE giving the effect of a ‘G’. This is at # 116 on Plate I.

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally a plural of penning (coin), related to English penny. The other modern Scandinavian languages use the same word as a general word for "money", cf. Icelandic peningar, Faroese pengar, Norwegian Nynorsk pengar, Norwegian Bokmål penger, and Swedish pengar.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pɛŋə/, [ˈpʰɛŋə], [ˈpʰɛŋŋ̩]

Noun[edit]

penge (plural definite pengene)

  1. money

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Created during the Hungarian language reform, which took place in the 18th–19th centuries. Conversion by deliberate coinage from peng (to ring, clink) +‎ -e (obsolete present-participle suffix). For the semantic change, compare German Klinge (blade) from klingen (to ring, clink). In terms of form, a split took place from cognate pengő.[1] The later slang (adjective) sense may well be a metaphorical reference to the edge of a blade.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɛŋɡɛ]
  • Hyphenation: pen‧ge
  • Rhymes: -ɡɛ

Noun[edit]

penge (plural pengék)

  1. blade (the sharp cutting edge of a knife, chisel, or other tool, a razor blade/sword)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative penge pengék
accusative pengét pengéket
dative pengének pengéknek
instrumental pengével pengékkel
causal-final pengéért pengékért
translative pengévé pengékké
terminative pengéig pengékig
essive-formal pengeként pengékként
essive-modal
inessive pengében pengékben
superessive pengén pengéken
adessive pengénél pengéknél
illative pengébe pengékbe
sublative pengére pengékre
allative pengéhez pengékhez
elative pengéből pengékből
delative pengéről pengékről
ablative pengétől pengéktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
pengéé pengéké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
pengééi pengékéi
Possessive forms of penge
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. pengém pengéim
2nd person sing. pengéd pengéid
3rd person sing. pengéje pengéi
1st person plural pengénk pengéink
2nd person plural pengétek pengéitek
3rd person plural pengéjük pengéik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

Related terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

penge (comparative pengébb, superlative legpengébb)

  1. (slang) sharp, sharp-witted, adept, able

References[edit]

  1. ^ penge in Gerstner, Károly (ed.). Új magyar etimológiai szótár. (’New Etymological Dictionary of Hungarian’). Beta version. Budapest, MTA Nyelvtudományi Intézet / Magyar Nyelvtudományi Kutatóközpont, 2011–2022. (Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary). Language abbreviations

Further reading[edit]

  • penge in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse peningr and pengr. Akin to English penny.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

penge m (definite singular pengen, indefinite plural pengar, definite plural pengane)

  1. a coin
  2. (mostly plural) money

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From monophthongization of pahingi.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: penge
  • IPA(key): /ˈpeŋeʔ/, [ˈpɛ.ŋɛʔ]

Interjection[edit]

pengè (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜒᜅᜒ)

  1. (colloquial) Pronunciation spelling of pahingi.

Further reading[edit]

  • penge”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018