誓う

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
See also 誓い

Etymology[edit]

Probably originally a compound of (chi, blood) +‎ 交う (kau, to cross, to blend, to mix).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "誓う"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
誓う かう [chìkáú]
Imperative (命令形) 誓え かえ [chìkáé]
Key constructions
Passive 誓われる かわれる [chìkáwárérú]
Causative 誓わせる かわせる [chìkáwásérú]
Potential 誓える かえる [chìkáérú]
Volitional 誓おう かお [chìkáóꜜò]
Negative 誓わない かわない [chìkáwánáí]
Negative perfective 誓わなかった かわなかった [chìkáwánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 誓います かいま [chìkáímáꜜsù]
Perfective 誓った かった [chìkáttá]
Conjunctive 誓って かって [chìkátté]
Hypothetical conditional 誓えば かえ [chìkáéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

 (ちか) (chikau) (transitive, godan conjugation, stem (ちか) (chikai), past (ちか)った (chikatta), historical hiragana ちかふ)

  1. to swear, to pledge, to make an oath, to vow
    復讐 (ふくしゅう) (ちか)った
    Fukushū o chikatta.
    We swore vengeance.

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN