occidens

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Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Present active participle of occidō (I fall down; pass away).

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

occidēns (genitive occidentis); third-declension one-termination participle

  1. falling down
  2. (of heavenly bodiesgoing down, setting
  3. perishing, dying, passing away
  4. being lost, being undone, being ruined
Declension[edit]

Third-declension participle.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative occidēns occidentēs occidentia
Genitive occidentis occidentium
Dative occidentī occidentibus
Accusative occidentem occidēns occidentēs
occidentīs
occidentia
Ablative occidente
occidentī1
occidentibus
Vocative occidēns occidentēs occidentia

1When used purely as an adjective.

Noun[edit]

occidēns m (genitive occidentis); third declension

  1. sunset
  2. west
    Antonym: oriēns
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative occidēns occidentēs
Genitive occidentis occidentum
Dative occidentī occidentibus
Accusative occidentem occidentēs
Ablative occidente occidentibus
Vocative occidēns occidentēs
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Catalan: occident
  • English: Occident
  • French: occident
  • Italian: occidente

Etymology 2[edit]

Present active participle of occīdō (fell; slay).

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

occīdēns (genitive occīdentis); third-declension one-termination participle

  1. felling, cutting to the ground; beating, smashing, crushing
  2. killing, slaying, slaughtering
  3. (by extension) plaguing to death, torturing, tormenting, pestering
Declension[edit]

Third-declension participle.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative occīdēns occīdentēs occīdentia
Genitive occīdentis occīdentium
Dative occīdentī occīdentibus
Accusative occīdentem occīdēns occīdentēs
occīdentīs
occīdentia
Ablative occīdente
occīdentī1
occīdentibus
Vocative occīdēns occīdentēs occīdentia

1When used purely as an adjective.

References[edit]

  • occidens in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • occidens in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • occidens in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to lie to the east, west, south, north: spectare in (vergere ad) orientem (solem), occidentem (solem), ad meridiem, in septentriones
    • eastern, western Germany: Germania quae or Germaniae ea pars quae, ad orientem, occidentem vergit
    • the evening of life: vita occidens