باختر

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Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian [script needed] (ʾpʾhtl /abāxtar/, north). Along with Avestan 𐬀𐬞𐬁𐬑𐬙𐬀𐬭𐬀(apāxtara), from Old Iranian *apāxtara (retrograde, backward-turning), comparative stem based on *apāk-/*apāŋ (backward), from the preposition *apa (behind), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *apatamás, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epo-tm̥mo-, from *h₂epó (from, away, off).[1]

See also Albanian afër (close, nearby),[2] Gothic 𐌰𐍆𐌰𐍂 (afar, after), Old Persian 𐎠𐎱𐎼 (apara, later, after), Avestan 𐬀𐬞𐬀𐬭𐬀(apara, more behind, later).

Noun[edit]

باختر (bâxtar)

  1. west
  2. (obsolete) east

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Zoroastrianism, p. 249
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “باختر”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, page 1