vīle

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See also: vile and vīlē

Latvian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Vīles
Rombveida vīles
Nagu vīle

A borrowing from Middle High German vīle, or Middle Dutch vīle (file) (compare German Feile, English file). First mentioned in 17th-century sources.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

vīle f (5th declension)

  1. (carpentry tool) file (block of coarse metal attached to a handle, used for removing sharp edges or cutting)
    plakana, apaļa vīleflat, round file
    rombveida vīlediamond file
    rupja vīle, rupjvīlecoarse file
    smalka vīle, smalkvīlesmooth, fine file
    skrāpju vīle, skrāpjvīle, skrāpvīlerasp, grater file
    nagu vīlenail file
    vīles spalsfile handle
    iecirst vīlei jaunus zobusto cut new teeth on a file
    vīle jātur ar abām rokāma file must be held with both hands
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Vīle
Vīle

From the verb vīt (to twist, to wind, to wreathe) (q.v.) +‎ -e (with an extra element -l). The orginial meaning was probably “something (that was) wound” (compare Lithuanian vielà “wire” < “something wound”), from which also “something sewn.”[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

vīle f (5th declension)

  1. seam, hem (folded back and stitched piece of fabric)
    krekla vīleshirt hem
    sānu, plecu vīleside, shoulder seam
    zeķes bez vīlessocks without seam(s)
    vīles kreklam atirušasthe shirt seams have come undone, have unraveled
    iegludināt biksēm vīlesto iron the pants hems
  2. seam-like, line-like projection or fold on clothes, fabric, created by folding or ironing
    armijas bikses ar nažveidīgi asām iegludinājumu vīlēmarmy pants with knife-like sharp ironed seams
  3. line-like swelling or injury on the skin, usually a result of a blow or hit; also a line-like scar or wrinkle
    kreisajos deniņos, kur mati bija tālu atkāpusies, ārsts sataustīja cietu rētas vīlion the left temple, where the hair had receded far, the doctor felt a hard line-like scar
    tiešām, tas bija vecs cilvēks, kurš te sēdēja uz Maijas gultas, tumšās vīlēs sastrādātās rokas klēpī salicisindeed, it was an old man who sat on Maija's bed, his hands, full of dark line-like bruises from work, placed on (his) lap
  4. (rare) a relatively narrow rectilinear band or stripe formed by surrounding objects
    kas būtu mūsu Latvija bez kokiem, bez birztalām, bez silu zilām vīlēm? — what would our Latvia be without trees, without groves, without the blue stripes of pine forests?
    mēness aiz mākoņiem uzlēcis; lauku ceļu vīles labi saskātamasthe moon rose behind the clouds; the stripes of the field roads (became) clearly visible
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vīle”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7